БИЛЕТ 4 ЕГЭ
Раздел 1 Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1–6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A–G. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей буквой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
A. He and his best friend have lots of arguments.
B. His relationship with his best friend has changed recently.
C. His best friend saved him when he was in serious trouble.
D. His best friend is also his next-door neighbour.
E. Communication and support are very important in their relationship.
F. He and his best friend share the same interests.
G. His best friend's sense of humour appeals to him.
Вы услышите разговор между продавцом и покупателем. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 True), какие не соответствуют (2 False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного ни отрицательного ответа (3 Not stated ). Обведите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
A1 The trousers were too big for the customer's husband.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A2 The assistant tells the customer how to get her money back.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A3 The customer's husband's waist size has increased by about 5 centimetres.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A4 The assistant finally agrees that the new trousers are a different colour.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A5 The customer thinks her husband looks good in grey clothes.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A6 The customer's favourite colour is green.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A7 The customer proves she bought the trousers at one of their shops.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вы услышите интервью с психологом Блэр Тейлор. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1,2 или 3 соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У Вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
A8 According to Blaire, life coaches
1) have busy schedules.
2) often work in teams.
3) offer support and advice
A9 As a life coach, Blaire
1) deals with many different kinds of problem.
2) specialises in helping people with their careers.
3) only deals with financial problems.
A10 Blaire says that life coaches
1) are often medically trained.
2) often want to help each other.
3) are increasing in popularity.
A11 Life coaches try to make people
1) be more trusting.
2) deal with strangers.
3) think about their life.
A12 Blaire says that most people need
1) a number of sessions.
2) a very long first session.
3) just one session.
А13 In a typical session, Blaire would ask if the client was
1) happy with her.
2) worried about the sessions.
3) having any problems.
А14 The example of the actor shows that
1) we can all be successful if we work hard.
2) life coaches do benefit people.
3) Blaire knows a lot of famous people
Раздел 2 Чтение
Установите соответствие между заголовками A -G и текстами 1-7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
A. EXPENSIVE NEWSPAPERS E. INSTANT INFORMATION
B. SERIOUS PROBLEM F. EASIER READING
C. DIFFERENT TOPICS G. TWO DIRECTIONS
D. WAYS OF READING H. FAMOUS AUTHOR
1. There are two main types of newspaper: 'broadsheets' and 'tabloids'. Broadsheets are often larger than tabloids, and are 'serious' newspapers. They present the news in detail, and do not have many stories about the private lives of famous people. Tabloids, on the other hand, are much more interested in news and scandals involving stars than they are in serious news. They often have very big headlines, particularly on the front page, and have lots more photographs.
2. There is an organisation in the UK called the Plain English Campaign. Their aim is to try to get official documents, such as government leaflets, written in a style of English that is easy to understand. They say that a lot of written English, particularly when it's talking about legal issues, is confusing, even to British people. They have had a lot of success, and many government departments now make sure that the documents they produce are checked to make sure they're understandable.
3. The Tolstoy family have contributed much to Russian society and culture for many hundreds of years. One of the most famous Tolstoys, Count Lev Nikolaevich, better known to the world as Leo Tolstoy, was born in 1828. He was a writer, politician and philosopher, and is now considered to be one of the greatest novelists of the 19th century. Many of his books, including War and Peace and Anna Karenina, are still extremely popular today. Leo Tolstoy died in 1910.
4. If you're reading a newspaper and you want to find out what's on TV at 8 o'clock tonight, you don't read every word on the TV page. You ignore all the programmes on earlier in the day, and just look at the information about programmes on at 8 pm. With a news report, however, you may read the whole thing through quickly to get a general idea of what it's about. If it looks interesting, you might decide to read it in more detail.
5. When we want to find a company's telephone number, we look in a telephone directory. The Internet, however, doesn't have a directory of websites, so how can we find the web ite of a business we're interested in? The answer is to use a 'search engine'. One of the most popular earch engines at the moment is Google. Let's say you want to find a company called Haymarket. You do a quick search on Google, and all the websites which have the word Haymarket in them appear in a list.
6. Many people suffer from some form of dyslexia. This means that their reading or writing ability is not as good as you would expect from their level of intelligence. There are actually many different types of dyslexia. If you have 'scotopic sensitivity syndrome', for example, you find it difficult to read black print on white paper. Other colours, however, are much easier to read.
7. With some languages, such as English, Russian and Greek, words are written and read from left to right. In other words, the person writing or reading starts on the left-hand side of the page and then moves to the right. With some other languages, however, the opposite is true. To get from the beginning to the end of a sentence in Arabic, for example, you start on the right-hand side of the page and move to the left.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 частями предложений, обозначенными и A-G. Одна из частей в списке A-G — лишняя. Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.
Тhe two-player game chess is оnе of the most popular board games in the world. It is also оnе of the oldest, although there is uncertainty regarding 1_________________. Several countries claim to have invented the game. Оnе possibility is that chess was invented in India about 1,500 years ago. Another theory, however, says that the Chinese were playing а form of chess 2_________________.
We shall probably never know for sure, but we do know where the word ‘chess’ comes from. It comes from the Persian word shãh, 3_________________. Тhe rules for chess have changed several times during the centuries.
Маnу of the modern rules were introduced in the 15th century, and minor changes to the game were also made in the 19th century. An internationa1 organisation called FIDE (Federation Internationale des Échecs) 4_________________.
Тhe enormously successful board game Monopoly has аn interesting history. Although many people believe that Charles Darrow created the game, it is now known 5_________________. In the 1920s, there were а number of home-made games in the USA called Моnopolу, аll very similar to the game we play today. Charles Darrow played оnе of these games, enjoyed it, and decided to make his own version. Не, his wife and his son made the sets bу hand and he began to sell them.
Тhe game’s popularity grew and, in 1935, Darrow sold the game to the American соmраnу Parker Brothers. The UK version of the game, with London street names, was produced by Waddington Games in 1936. In а short space of time, there were versions 6_________________. It has bееn estimated that since 1935 more than 500 million people have played Моnороlу.
A which means 'king'
B which is responsible for making any further changes to the rules
C where and when it originated
D for cities and countries all round the world
E that he did not
F who then decided to sell the game to Waddingtons
G over 800 years before that
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
'Congratulations, Angela! You've won the car, you've won the holiday for two in the Caribbean, and now you're through to the final for a chance to win one million pounds!'
Angela was sure that even the screaming and clapping of the audience wouldn't be able to drown out the sound of her beating heart. She couldn't believe it - the first time she'd ever taken part in a game show and here she was in a potentially life-changing situation.
'Stay calm,' she thought to herself. 'Don't lose control now.'
'Okay, Angela,' said Bob, the presenter. 'Now, skill has got you this far but, as you know, there's always an element of chance in the final and this week is no exception.' Angela nodded. She'd never missed an episode and knew what every round entailed. 'So let's have a look at how you could win one million pounds!'
A brightly-coloured board descended from the ceiling of the studio. On the board were three large doors. 'Angela, behind one of these doors is one million pounds. Pick the right one, and you're going home today a millionaire. Pick the wrong one and you're going home with...
'The audience didn't hesitate to complete Bob's catchphrase for him: '... just your bus fare!' Even Angela mouthed it, she knew it so well.
'That's right! And we don't want that, do we? So pick a door, Angela, and may luck be with you!'
Angela thought carefully before answering.
'The middle door please, Bob,' she said finally.
'The middle door!' repeated Bob. 'Okay! But before we have a look, I'm going to open a door that you were wise not to choose. He opened the door on the far left, revealing a picture of a bus ticket. The audience cheered. Angela's heart started beating faster.
'Now, Angela,' said Bob. 'We're going to be nice to you. You've got another choice to make. You can either stick with your original choice - the middle door - or you can change your decision and opt for the door on the right-hand side. What's it to be?'
As a mathematician, Angela had come across the very same problem at university. Now, here she was, facing it in real life. She couldn't believe her luck. She knew what not many people know, a fact that seemed to contradict all reason and common sense. She did the maths in her head one more time just to make sure she wasn't mistaken. She wasn't. When she'd picked the first door, she had a one in three chance of being right. Looking at it the other way round, she had a two in three chance of being wrong. Those were not good odds. But one of the wrong doors had now been eliminated, so if she changed her choice to the other possibility, she would double her chances of being right, of winning the million. It seemed impossible, but she knew it was true.
'What are you going to do Angela? Stick with your original choice or switch to the other door?'
'Bob, I'd like to switch, please,'
'Angela's going to switch! Let's get this right, Angela. You now believe - you now hope – the million pounds is behind the right-hand door. Is that correct?'
"The right-hand door, yes,' said Angela weakly.
'Not the middle door?'
'No, not the middle door.'
'What are you going to do if it is actually behind the middle door?' asked Bob.
'Cry, probably!' said Angela.
The audience laughed.
'I'm going to open the door you chose, Angela - the right-hand door. Let's hope there isn't a bus ticket behind it. Here we go!'
Time seemed to stand still as Bob outstretched his arm and began to open the door. Angela had never known a feeling like this. Surrounded by so many people, she felt like the only person in the universe. Here was the moment of truth, and she was not sure she could face the consequences, whatever they were.
A15 When she got through to the final, Angela couldn't believe that
1) her heart was beating so loudly.
2) she'd never taken part in a game show before.
3) the audience were supporting her so much.
4) her life might be about to change completely.
A16 the presenter tells Angela that
1) she will need some luck to win the money.
2) she won't make an exception for her.
3) her skill will increase the chances of her winning.
4) there is a small chance her skills will be useful.
A17 When the presenter doesn't finish a sentence, it's clear that
1) the audience has already been told what to say.
2) the presenter is unsure exactly what to say.
3) the presenter is well known for saying something.
4) Angela had to complete a well-known saying.
A18 When the presenter opens the first door,
1) he knows that Angela has won the money.
2) he doesn't know which door the money is behind.
3) he knows which door the money is behind.
4) he thinks she has made a bad choice.
A19 Angela 'couldn't believe her luck' that
1) her education would help her with this decision.
2) the presenter was giving her an extra chance.
3) he'd been in the same situation at university.
4) she knew far more facts than most people.
A20 Angela was absolutely certain that
1) her money was behind the right-hand door.
2) she could increase her chances of winning.
3) she had an impossible decision to make.
4) she had to analyse the problem in a different way.
A21 Bob began to open the right-hand door, Angela felt
1) there were too many people around her.
2) knowing the truth was the most important thing.
3) worried by what the future would bring.
4) annoyed by Bob being so slow.
Раздел 3 Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4-В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10.
B4 What's your favourite season? I think ………… I is spring.
B5 Birds, ………… SING in the trees, tell us that winter is finally over.
B6 The animals that ………… BE asleep for months wake up and start to look for food.
B7 The days are much ………… WARM than they were in the winter, so the plants start to grow, too.
B8 The countryside ………… LOOK fresh, beautiful and alive.
B9 We can ………… LEAVE our coats and umbrellas at home when we go out.
B10 And unlike in the summer, the sun ………… NOT BURN our skin when we spend a long time outside.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11-В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.
Many of our favourite TV and film stars also perform in plays in the theatre from time to time.
B11 They often see it as an opportunity to do some 'real'_____ACT, despite the fact that theatre work
is not usually well paid.
B12 Giving a live _____ PERFORM is quite different to performing on film,
B13 in many ways is more _____ DANGER and risky.
B14 In the theatre, an actor cannot stop and ask the _____ DIRECT if they can do the scene again.
The show must go on whatever happens!
B15 Also, the _____ BEHAVE and response of the audience can affect how the actor feels and performs.
B16 However, a major problem for theatre actors is that doing the same show night
after night can become _____ BORE after a while.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22-А28. Эти номера ветствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
How was Jackson going to get rid of Simon? That was the question that had kept him awake for the previous three nights, and which he pondered as he now walked home from work. It had all started so innocently, as a favour to a friend.
'Could you put me A22 _______ , Jackson?' Simon had asked. 'Just for a couple of nights.'
Jackson of course had said yes, thinking that it would be just for two nights. How wrong he had been. Now, more than four months on, Simon was still in the flat and there seemed little evidence to suggest he was A23 _______ to leave. The evidence, in fact, pointed to quite the opposite conclusion.
Simon seemed to have A24 _______ in so comfortably, Jackson wondered sometimes if it was actually Simon's flat, and he, Jackson, was the one staying there as the guest.
Jackson knew he should A25 _______ his feelings clear to Simon - that he valued his own privacy, that he didn't want to live with someone else on a permanent basis, that he felt Simon was abusing his hospitality - but the truth was he was scared.
Not scared of how Simon would react physically, but scared that Simon would take offence, and would A26 _______ him of being selfish and not caring about a friend who was in trouble.
And Simon was in trouble. With no job, no money and nowhere else to stay, where would Simon go if Jackson A27 _______ him out? 'Maybe I am being selfish,' Jackson thought, 'but the situation just can't go on like this.'
He made the decision to bring the subject up sometime that evening. 'I won't ask him to leave immediately,' he reasoned. 'That would be unfair, and would put him in a difficult A28 _______. But I'll explain that the whole arrangement was meant to be temporary, has gone on for a very long time now, and that, while it's been nice having Simon as a flatmate, it just can't go on indefinitely.' For the rest of the walk home, he rehearsed exactly what he was going to say.
A22 1) in 2) out 3) over 4) up
A23 1) intending 2) assuming 3) devising 4) conceiving
A24 1) settled 2) established 3) launched 4) relaxed
A25 1) convey 2) express 3) make 4) tell
A26 1) charge 2) condemn 3) blame 4) accuse
A27 1) let 2) sent 3) threw 4) did
A28 1) location 2) position 3) point 4) site
Раздел 4 Письмо
Для ответов на задания CI, C2 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №2. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ №2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объема текста. Тексты недостаточного объема, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объем — не оцениваются. При заполнении БЛАНКА ОТВЕТОВ №2 вы указываете сначала номер задания С1, С2, а потом пишите свой ответ. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать другую сторону бланка.
You have 20 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Alex, who writes:
We are doing a project on pets at school. What pets have you got? Which animals do you think make the best pets? Which animals do you think are too difficult to look after? As for my other news, I'm going to be in the next school play!
Write a letter to Alex. In your letter:
• answer his questions
• ask 3 questions about the computer game
Write 100-140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
You have 40 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.
Many people enjoy watching television. However, some people believe it can be harmful.
What can you say for and against watching television?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
1. Make an introduction (state the problem).
2. Express your personal opinion and give reasons for it.
3. Give arguments for the other point of vi and explain why you don't agree with it.
4. Draw a conclusion.
Раздел 5 Говорение
С3 STUDENT CARD
Вы получите карточку, на которой представлены два задания для устного ответа: С3 — тематическое монологическое высказывание, С4 — диалог с целью обмена оценочной информацией. Окончание выполнения каждого задания определяет экзаменатор. Во время едения этой части экзамена идет постоянная аудиозапись вашего ответа.
Task 1 (3-3.5 minutes)
Give a 2-minute talk on your favourite subject at school.
Remember to say:
Why it is your favourite subject.
What things you do in a typical lesson in this subject.
What you have learnt by doing this subject.
Whether you want to continue studying this subject in the future, and why.
You have to talk for 1.5-2 minutes. The examiner will listen until you have finished.
Then he or she will ask you some questions.