Билет 2 ОГЭ

Paздел 1 (задания по аудированию)

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных А, В, С и D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место дейстаия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

1. In the park. 4. At the airport.
2. In the street. 5. At home.
3. In the garden.
Место действия
Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами А, В, С, D, Е. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.
1. The speaker thinks it ’ s a cultural shock.
2. The speaker talks about the hair factor.
3. The speaker says there are no problems.
4. The speaker talks about a liv e example.
5. The speaker says i t ’ s much more than good looks.
6. The speaker talks about a strange diet.
Вы услышите разговор двух подростков. В заданиях 3—8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3 When will Jane’ s cousins arrive?
1) On Monday. 2) On Sunday. 3) On Saturday.
4 Jane tells Mary about her cousins’ arrival because
1) she hopes to get M ary’ s help.
2) she doesn’ t know what to arrange.
3) Mary has a good idea.
5 What is the best thing at Pizza Hut?
1) Coffee. 2) Ice cream. 3) Pizza.
6 What film are they going to watch?
1) Friends Abroad. 2) Dark Rain. 3) Catch a Taxi.
7 Mary is unsure about the boat trip because
1) it is on Monday morning.
2) it can be too crowded.
3) it can be too early.
8 How do they choose to go to the beach?
1) By train. 2) By bicycle. 3) By bus.

Раздел 2 (задания по чтению)

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А -G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
I. Planning can be better 5. Sad figures
2. Sad, but true 6. An important social duty
3. Looking fo r advantages o f tender climate 7. good way to discover local sights
4. Very unusual indeed 8. Muddy walking routes
A. Gardening is a well-known favourite. As the weather in Britain is rather mild, British people manage to do gardening almost all the year round. Sometimes this can be just weeding and sometimes, serious vegetable and fru it growing. In fact, the British can always find plenty to do in either a small or a b ig garden. Every Sunday morning (except fo r winter) they come out to mow their lawns. The British see an untidy lawn, not only as a sign o f laziness, but also as disrespect to others.
B. Walking is also very popular. Ask any British person i f they have a pair o f w alking boots and the answer will probably be yes. Except fo r dry summer days, the beautiful British countryside is muddy, so you need a good pair o f walking boots to enjoy your walk. Walking as a leisure a c tiv ity has a long tradition in England. You can buy a varie ty o f maps and guides to walking routes. Organized walking with a group o f like-minded people and a good guide is also v e ry popular.
C. And, o f course, the famous British eccentricity is the cause o f such sports as extreme ironing. Extreme ironing is a serious sport where teams o f people compete at who can do their ironing in more extreme conditions (fo r example, under the water or riding a bicycle). Extreme ironing is now an international sport with serious competitions and organized events.
D. Of course, not all British people keep f i t by engaging in extreme sports. Many go to the gym, swimming pool or fitness classes. However, it has to be said that the British are not the sportiest nation in the world. You see, watching TV often gets in the way. Increasingly, British people spend their free time watching TV. The only comforting thing is that they are not on their own — most o f the world seems to be doing the same!
E. As fa r as actually going away on holiday, many British people choose to spend their holidays abroad, preferably somewhere warm and dry. Spain, France and Greece are regular countries due to convenient location and kind climate. I t ’ s a good idea fo r changing the scenery and enjoying new places without too much trouble.
F. Unlike the popular belief, winter is a very busy time fo r companies selling holidays. People get so fed up with bad weather and stress that they just cannot wait to get away. Some people also buy holidays fo r the summer or even next year during the festive season as it can work out significantly cheaper than buying closer to the time of travel.
G. According to statistics, the number o f family breakdowns doubles in the post- Christmas period as a result o f stress, debt and over-consumption o f alcohol. As it is a well-known fact, some magazines publish tips on how to cope with Christmas, such as yoga, meditation or holidays abroad.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10—17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
A Christmas Story
Years ago, there was a v ery rich man whose main interest in life was art collecting. He was a widower and he had a son, who shared his father ’s passion. Together they travelled around the world, buying the finest pictures for their collection. War put an end to their travels. The young man left to serve his country. After a few weeks, his father got the news that the young man had died while taking a fellow soldier to hospital.
Miserable and lonely, the old man thought about the upcoming Christmas holidays. On Christmas morning, a knock on the door awakened the depressed old man. As he opened the door, he saw a young soldier with a large package in his hand. ‘ I was a friend of your son,’ he said. ‘ I was the one he was rescuing when he died. May I come in? I have something to show you.’
The soldier told the old man how his son had saved his life and how everyone in the regiment loved and respected him. ‘ I’m an artist,’ said the soldier, ‘ and I want to give you this.’ He handed the package to the old man. The old man unwrapped the package and saw that it was a picture — a portrait of his son. The old man knew enough about art to understand that the picture was not the work of a genius, but it was his son’ s face, his features, his expression... The likeness was striking.
The painting o f his son soon became his most prized possession. He valued it more than the pieces which museums around the world would be proud to have. The following spring, the old man became ill and died. As he had no relatives, all his paintings were to be sold at an auction. According to the will of the old man, the pictures had to be auctioned on Christmas day, the day he had received his greatest gift . Art collectors from around the world gathered to buy some of the world’ s most famous paintings.
The auction began with a painting that was not on any museum’s list. It was the painting of the man’s son. The auctioneer asked for an opening sum. The room was silent. ‘Who will start with $100?’ he asked. No one spoke. Minutes passed. From the back o f the room came, ‘Who cares about that painting? It’s just a picture of his son. Let’s forget it and go on to the good stuff.’
‘No, we have to sell this one first , ’ replied the auctioneer. ‘Now, who will take the son?’
After a few minutes a man stood up and said, ‘ I ’m not an art collector, I just knew the father and the son, and I ’d like to have the boy’ s portrait, i f nobody wants it. But I have only ten dollars.’
‘Ten dollars. W ill anyone go higher?’ called the auctioneer. ‘Going once, going twice. And now the auction is over .’
The room went quiet. Everybody looked at the auctioneer in disbelief. Then somebody asked, ‘What do you mean it ’ s over? We didn’ t come here for a picture of some old man’s son painted by an artist nobody has heard of. What about all these paintings?’
The auctioneer replied, ‘ It’s very simple. According to the will o f the father, whoever takes the son ... gets it all.’

10 The old man’ s son was a passionate artist.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
11 The old man used to celebrate Christmas with his son.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
12 The young man served as a medical officer in the army.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
13 The soldier artist managed to paint a close to life portrait of his friend.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
14 Christmas Day was a special day fo r the old man.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
15 Art collectors came to the auction following the old man’ s will.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
16 The portrait was bought by the old man’ s neighbour.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
17 The old man made a special will concerning his collection.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Раздел 3 (задания по грамматике и лексике)

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18—26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18—26.
18 It’s very difficult to believe the fact that the __________ ONE
19 sky-scrapers __________ BUILD in Chicago during the 1880s.
20 They were the result of a need for __________ MUCH working and living
21 space in some American big __________ CITY where the cost of living
22  __________ BE very high.
23 Instead o f using a lot o f expensive space on the ground __________ THEY builders used the free space o f the sky.
24 The walls of the early skyscrapers often__________ MAKE of stone
25 not for practical reasons, but to make the __________ BUILDING look solid and strong.
26 So the most famous symbols o f America __________ APPEAR more than a century ago.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27—32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27—32.
What is Global Warming?
27 ‘Greenhouse effect’ is actually a __________ NATURE feature of our atmosphere without
28 which life on our planet would be __________ POSSIBLE. Certain atmospheric gases work as a kind of blanket, keeping the Earth warm. The amount of these ‘greenhouse’ gases used to be more or less the same for centuries.
29 But the __________ INDUSTRY revolution broke this balance.
30 Because of heavy industry and other human __________ ACTIVE the amounts of C02 and other gases have increased by 30% .
31 Climate experts predict that by 2050 the __________ GLOBE average temperature will rise by 2-3 degrees. It doesn’ t seem much.
32 Remember, however, that the __________ DIFFER between the average global temperatures now and the last ice age (20,000 years ago) is only 6 to 8 degrees.

Раздел 4 (задание по письму)

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Ben.
...The thought of eating a dead animal actually makes me sick. So, I eat a lot of vegetables, fruit and nuts. Sometimes a few eggs or a little cheese is possible. I’m sure that being a veggie is good for health. ... What do you think about being a veggie? What’s your diet? How do you keep fit?
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions. Write 100-120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.