БИЛЕТ 7 ЕГЭ
Раздел 1 Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
1. Devices with a large variety of functions may confuse some users.
2. We should learn how to use a device before attempting to use it.
3. If a new device stops working, the repair should be free.
4. If a device is too expensive, most people will just do without.
5. Most people prefer devices that can serve many different purposes.
6. A device should be strong enough to survive a fall.
7. The appearance of a device is an important feature for some.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A Julie hasn’t played water polo for an organised team.
В It was Toms idea to start a water polo team.
С Julie plays volleyball for her school team.
D Tom isn’t looking forward to some aspects of water polo.
E Tom is going to give up swimming on his own.
F Some of the people on the list are experienced players.
G The team’s schedule hasn’t been decided yet.
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3 Kylie’s company is offering a train trip ...
1) with a single railway company.
2) that includes several railway companies.
3) that is exclusively train travel.
4 What is the purpose of the boat trips?
1) To explore a local area.
2) To take passengers to the next part of their trip.
3) To ride the river in the Grand Canyon.
5 First-class travel will be included...
1) for a small part of the journey.
2) for most segments of the journey.
3) for every part of the journey.
6 What does Kylie compare the price of the trip to?
1) Someone’s life savings.
2) A type of investment.
3) The price of a medical procedure.
7 Kylie justifies the cost of the trip ...
1) by talking about the price as if it weren’t a lot of money.
2) by saying it’s cheaper than a luxury hotel.
3) by describing everything included in the trip.
8 Why does Kylie think mostly retired people are interested?
1) They have nothing else to spend their money on.
2) They can easily devote two months to a trip.
3) They tend to be adventurous travellers.
9 The alternative trip Kylie describes ...
1) has a substantial price difference.
2) follows basically the same route.
3) is offered by a competitor.
Раздел 2 Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1-8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Young helpers 5. A warm welcome
2. Importance of discipline 6. Daddy day care
3. Home education 7. Sibling rivalry
4. Awkward moments 8. Methods of persuasion
A. Family reunions can be a joyous occasion and an opportunity to meet new family members as well. Our parents have aunts, uncles and cousins that we may only meet once or twice in life. Often, though, meeting an extended family member can be like meeting a complete stranger. You re not even sure you will like them, and the whole affair can feel a bit odd or uncomfortable.
B. Traditionally, the mother is the primary caregiver to an infant child. She takes time off work and stays at home to provide round-the-clock attention during the child's early years. But recently, more and more men are taking paternity leave from work to stay at home with their new-borns. Mothers find it a welcome trend, as caring for an infant can be exhausting work.
C. While its true that kids must carry out their responsibilities just as adults do, sometimes Mum and Dad have to be a bit crafty to make it happen. They have to offer a little reward for a job well done. It may not be good practice to do it all the time, but if they promise a trip to the cinema, for example, the kids will be more likely to clean their rooms.
D. Many families live far away from one another these days. They may have moved across the country, or even to the other side of the world. Its especially hard for parents to see their children do this, either for work or for adventure. So when special occasions come round, especially the holiday seasons, Mum and Dad are so grateful when their sons and daughters return home.
E. Sometimes a household is nothing but chaos for days on end. This is especially true when kids reach their adolescent phase, and you have a couple of teenagers who compete over every little thing in life. No matter how often parents attempt to stop two kids from fighting each other, nothing seems to work. They just have to wait until one of them moves away to university!
F. In most families, parents have to constantly remind their children of their responsibilities. But there are times when kids can be especially useful round the house of their own will. They also understand those times when Mum or Dad isn’t feeling well, and maybe it would be nice if they made dinner for a change or did a little extra tidying up in the living room.
G. Relationships in the family are complex. Parents are the carers of their children, but they are their friends, too, and in both senses they would never do anything to hurt them. But parents must never forget their role as figures of authority. They have to explain whats right and wrong and make sure their kids do it. They’ve also got to provide the punishment when their kids behave badly.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1 -7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
Global financial crises
A global financial crisis affects people all over the world, but to very different degrees. Some people are lucky enough only to hear about it, while others are plunged into economic uncertainty, A ________.
A crisis occasionally arises from sudden bad decisions, but the cause is usually a collection of bad policies operated over an extended period. The financial crisis of 2008 was a result of a loosening of rules among banks. Changes in those regulations began during the 1980s, В ________ financial transactions with little supervision.
The system of regulation became one of trust; it was up to the banks to behave wisely, and the governments would stay out of it. The regulation of banks was, in a sense, left to the free market С _______ . It allowed for transactions to flow more freely, which did in fact help economies grow during the 1980s and 1990s.
When the financial markets first ran into trouble, large banking institutions failed altogether, D _______ . A small number of the worlds most wealthy people suffered greatly. But overall, the middle class and the poor suffered the worst of the crisis.
The 2010 Eurozone crisis is thought to be connected to the 2008 one. Governments that had borrowed enormous amounts to pay for problems caused two years earlier suddenly found themselves unable to support the debts. The Eurozone crisis was as severe as the one in 2008 E ________. More people would suffer as a result.
There is little that can be done to immediately fix a global financial crisis. Individuals can prepare for such an event by F ________. Naturally, everyone must fight to make sure governments put sensible banking policies in place before problems occur.
1. keeping money in savings and making sure they stay out of debt
2. and many policymakers felt this would be sufficient
3. and added yet another layer of uncertainty to world financial markets
4. resulting in the loss of their job, home or livelihood
5. which many people had saved for a number of years
6. which caused a domino effect that spread around the world
7. a decade when governments decided to let banks carry out
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12-18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Ellen had suddenly become determined to change the appearance of her home. It had been two years since shed graduated from university, and she was still living like a student. She had too much plastic furniture in the living room, books and magazines were scattered all over the place, the laundry area looked like an exploded wardrobe on a daily basis and a light layer of dust covered most surfaces. Tidying up was not really her cup of tea, and until now, she had become complacent with her dated belongings.
It wasn't that she was an unclean person, quite the contrary Her personal appearance was immaculate; she had her hair and nails done on a regular basis. Her sense of style and clothing were a bit trendy, perhaps a bit Bohemian, and she always looked as professional enough for her job managing a bookshop as was required. This she gave her full attention to.
She simply didn't invest enough time in her home. It was sporadically decorated: a couple of film posters were taped up, absent of frames and curling up at the bottom edges, an old dartboard hung in the corner, a message board with bills pinned on it adorned the kitchen. Needless to say, her flat wouldn't be featured in an interior design magazine any time soon, nor would she be winning any prizes in a home decorating contest.
She decided to take control of the situation, so she made a plan to tackle her unruly and unstylish flat, and set aside some time to get things in order. She arranged with her co-manager to have a work-free weekend in which she was going to clean every nook and cranny and throw out anything that screamed student'. The only exceptions were the university textbooks she had haphazardly thrown in a bookcase. She was a bookshop manager, after all. She would hold onto almost any book she happened to possess, save for some of the tattered paperback sci-fi novels that littered the floor.
Knowing she might run out of steam on the project if she were left to her own devices, she enlisted the help of her friend Amy, who would ensure she stayed the course and completed her home transformation. Amy, a dear friend since Ellens secondary school days, was part of the reason for Ellens decision to do this home makeover. Amy often made light-hearted jokes about the state of affairs in Ellen's house, especially when Ellen would complain about how long it would take her to find her keys in the morning.
Full of ambition on Friday evening, Ellen bought an array of new cleaning supplies and some implements such as dusters, a new broom and even a mop. Content with just sweeping before, Ellen had now decided the floors needed a good wash. The same would go for the windows. No longer would the spotty glass have to be covered up by curtains.
But while Ellen had a practical step-by-step approach to her plan, Amy turned up at her house on Saturday morning with half a dozen design magazines, wanting to flick through them and admire how things should be, rather than how they were. It didn't take much for Ellen to be persuaded to peruse them with her friend. A couple of hours passed by before they left the well-worn sofa.
The afternoon rolled round at Ellens place, and she had still not got down to brass tacks. She had done precisely 0% of the cleaning, although there was plenty of talk about it, if only that were enough to make it happen.
12 The belongings in Ellen’s home ...
1) had a great deal of value in them. 2) had been bothering her for some time.
3) were contained in one part of the house. 4) were leftovers from her student days.
13 ‘This’ in ‘This she gave her full attention to’ in the second paragraph refers to Ellen’s ...
1) job. 2) home. 3) looks. 4) studies.
14 The author describes the decorating in Ellen’s home as ...
1) very random. 2) a winning style. 3) practical and functional. 4) casual and trendy.
15 What is true about Ellen’s books?
1) They were in good condition. 2) They were of various genres.
3) They were all in a bookcase. 4) They all related to her studies.
16 Her friend Amy’s role was intended to be to ...
1) tell her what to do. 2) provide moral support.
3) help with cleaning. 4) add humour to the situation.
17 What was Amy’s approach to the home makeover?
1) Focus on style first, then think about cleaning.
2) Encourage Ellen to make a start.
3) Help Ellen enjoy the cleaning process.
4) Make an easily attainable plan of action.
18 The phrase 'got down to brass tacks' in the last paragraph means to ...
1) clean things and make them shiny. 2) pick up the small stuff first.
3) get serious about something. 4) do the most difficult things first.
Раздел 3 Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19-25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19-25.
Listening to the radio
19 Melanie was paying a visit to her friend Henry to see his new flat. After ______________________ ARRIVE at his building, she called the lift down from its previous destination, Floor 1, and stepped inside.
20 She noticed a sign by the panel of buttons. She ignored it for a moment and simply pressed the button for the ______________________ FIVE floor, the floor that Henry lived on.
21 She read the note as the lift ascended. Apparently, some people in the building thought some of the other residents were a bit lazy, because the note said, ‘Dear Floor 1, are the stairs broken? Love, Floors 2-7'. Melanie laughed and wondered who______________________ WRITE the note!
22 A popular pastime in Scotland is ‘pigeon fancying’, or keeping pigeons for racing or as pets. Fanciers often keep several birds at once in a special hut that they ______________________ BUILD for them.
23 The Scottish word for a male pigeon is a ‘doo’ and one type of pigeon fancier in Scotland is called a ‘dooman’. Doomen specialise in using their doos to attract other peoples pigeons, which they then capture and claim for______________________ THEY.
24 The fascination that doomen and other pigeon fanciers have with the birds is that a pigeon will form a bond with its owner. In other words, if you released one of them into the sky, it ______________________ RETURN to you later on.
25 Pigeons and their owners form bonds through language. In fact, if a pigeon owner can t use bird sounds properly, the pigeon ______________________ FLY away and find a new owner.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26-31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26-31.
26 If you’ve been watching the Eurovision Song Contest in the last few years, you might remember this singing group. They stood out from the rest because they were not the ______________________ TYPE entrant in the contest.
27 Most entrants are usually quite young and very trendy. They’re dressed in ______________________ FASHION clothing - or at least they try to be, and they perform wild dance routines on occasion.
28 Buranovskiye Babushki breaks from that mould. They’re a group of eight elderly Russian women, or ‘grannies’, which is ‘babushki’ in Russian. Most of them are in their sixties and seventies, and their ______________________ PERFORM at the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest got the second highest number of votes.
29 Their music is sung in the Udmurt language, an official language in the region of Udmurtia, where the grannies are from. The Udmurt alphabet is______________________ LARGE the same as the Russian alphabet.
30 Buranovskiye Babushki’s song entry was called ‘Party for Everybody’ and most of the song was in Udmurt, with a few English lyrics. The group wrote the Udmurtian lyrics themselves, and the English parts were written by an ______________________ AMERICA songwriter.
31 The grannies have hopes of rebuilding a church in their native Udmurtia. They have pledged to put all of their ______________________ EARN singing into a fund for the church.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
The lone tree
When an old tree just outside Dianas village tell down after a particularly bad storm, it was as if the whole community fell with it. The tree was beloved by the local people, so they set 32 _______ on a mission to save it.
Although heavily damaged by the storm's gale forse wind and forced down onto the ground, the 200th year-old tree was not dead. After weeks of community members climbing the hill to 33 _______ to their respects, tgey noticed that it was still growing. Green needles remained on its branches. The villagers believed it could be saved.
Diana and her family contacted officials who were knowledgeable about the 34 _______ of trees and the environment.
They visited the village to see what could be done. After carefully 35 ______ the roots, they decided that with enough soil placed around the roots, the tree might just survive and grow again.
'Even though the small roots have snapped off, there's one large root that's still connected,' the expert told Diana. ‘We mustn’t be careless 36 ______ how we handle the existing root system. The trees going to need lots of care and attention.’
The expert discussed the situation with the local people and explained that under 37 ______ circumstances should anyone try to place the tree back in an upright position.
Naturally, everуone 38 ______ by those rules.
Diana hoped the tree - which her grandparents had known as children - would one day grow up again, if not with the same grandeur as it once had.
32 1) aside 2) up 3) out 4) in
33 1) pay 2) donate 3) award 4) grant
34 1) assistance 2) security 3) preservation 4) safety
35 1) studying 2) looking 3) watching 4) reading
36 1) from 2) towards 3) about 4) into
37 1) any 2) no 3) zero 4) nil
38 1) stuck 2) followed 3) adhered 4) abided
Раздел 4 Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Ben, who writes:
I'm writing an essay in my English class about a person in my life who I admire. I was wondering about your thoughts on the subject. Who in your life do you most admire and why? What personal qualities does this person have? What valuable lesson have you learnt from this person?
In other news, a bookshop has just opened in my neighbourhood ...
Write a letter to Ben.
In your letter:
• answer her questions
• ask 3 questions about her new house
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
Filmgoers should rely on reviews when choosing a film to see.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
• express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
• explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
• make a conclusion restating your position
Раздел 5 Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you w ant to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
In medical schools, doctors use plastic models to teach students the specific names and functions of body parts. But one professor in the USA is using hands sculpted by a 19th century French sculptor.
The artist was very passionate about the human form. He created highly detailed hands from bronze. In addition to that, he was curious about medical conditions that affected hands. Because of this, he actually sculpted sets of hands that had been deformed by these conditions. Doctors can show these hands to students and test students’ abilities to recognise the problems. A computer program allows students to see where bones and blood vessels would be situated in the hands.
The method is very useful for teaching diseases of the hand. It also doubles as a rich experience in fine art.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering going on a ride and you would like to get more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
2) duration of flight
3) number of people on each ride
4) minimum age limit
5) hours of operation
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
Imagine that some years ago you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• when you took the photo
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you took the photo
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: I ’ve chosen photo number...
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs: