БИЛЕТ 4 ЕГЭ
Раздел 1 Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
1. Suspense and mystery keep readers entertained to the end.
2. A sweet tale of romance can warm the readers heart.
3. Some of the best stories are told through pictures, rather than words.
4. Some stories describe technological advancements yet to be seen.
5. Our behaviour can be improved by looking back in time.
6. Reality is sometimes more entertaining than fantasy.
7. Reading about another persons life can bring meaning to our own.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A Gareth twice had problems sleeping during the night.
В Gareths dad is going to cut branches from the tree.
СGareth decides to miss football practice in order to get more sleep.
D Margie had a coke earlier in the day.
E Neither Gareth nor Margie enjoy drinking coffee.
F Margie’s next lesson is in maths.
G Gareth doesn’t like the English lit teacher.
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3 Lori says a zorb ball is ...
1) larger than a car.
2) made of a very hard material.
3) capable of holding two people.
4 What keeps the ball from rolling off the path?
1) Trained personnel.
2) Wooden railings.
3) The riders.
5 How does Lori describe her zorbing experience?
1) She felt sick the first time.
2) She wanted to do it again and again.
3) She likes it better than a roller coaster.
6 Lori says the zorb runs ...
1) are like going down a motorway.
2) last for a few minutes.
3) spin a rider over several times.
7 Where is the zorbing park located?
1) On the edge of town.
2) In an open meadow.
3) In a wooded area.
8 Lori says the other type of zorb ball...
1) doesn’t spin the rider.
2) is for experienced riders.
3) rolls over water.
9 Which of these other activities can you do at the zorbing park?
1) Take swimming lessons.
2) Go on some walks.
3) Have a barbecue.
Раздел 2 Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1-8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Flower shop 5. Animal visit
2. Part-time job 6. Daily spotlight
3. Caring for animals 7. Indoor chores
4. Gardening jobs 8. Daily wake-up
A. Some people might think working round the house is an easy thing, but these people obviously don’t do very much of it. When you have to tidy up a living room full of kids’ toys, clean bookshelves covered in dust and prepare a meal for suppertime, it can be exhausting. You can’t do it alone, so you’ve got to employ your family to help. Still, they don’t always do their jobs!
B. Being a florist is a rewarding job. It’s almost like being a decorator of plants. You make all sort of arrangements in a variety of colours for special occasions like weddings and Mother’s Day, and naturally, you have to be a lover of all things green. You’ve got to make sure all the plants stay healthy otherwise it’s hard to make a sale.
C. Working as a TV newsreader has its ups and downs. The up side is if you love communicating and think you do it well, it’s the perfect job for you. On the other hand, it can be quite stressful being on camera often, especially when you don’t feel like it. Additionally, the news is often not pleasant to report on, so you’ve got to keep a stiff upper lip.
D. If you’re looking for some extra money, you might want to consider working for a few hours after school. Lots of places are keen on employing young people, and the work schedule can be quite flexible. A student has a busy life, so you probably couldn’t do more than ten or twelve hours a week, but it’s a great way to earn some cash and learn responsibility.
E. For many adults, the first thing to do every morning is to grab a cup of coffee and sit down with the news. Whether it be reading a paper or the internet, it seems to be a habit for lots of people. The news has a way of kicking your mind into gear, along with the coffee, of course, and then once you’ve had your fill, it’s off to get ready for work.
F. Whereas some people don’t mind doing housework, for others, it’s a real bother. They prefer being outside, and if they’ve got a big garden to tend to, there’ll be many tasks to keep them entertained, such as planting seeds, pruning trees and doing the watering. There’s something they can do outside every day, and they never get bored with it.
G. There are lots of different class trips a teacher can take students on, like visiting a newspaper or a bank to see how things are run. An interesting way to learn about nature is a trip to the zoo. The kids see lots of different kinds of animals, and they can learn about where they’re from. It’s just one of many class trip ideas.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1 -7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
Petrushka is a character from Russian folk puppetry. Traditionally dressed in red, with a red kolpak, or pointed hat, Petrushka was a humorous fellow A ________.
Petrushka first came to life, so to speak, sometime in the 18th century during Empress Anna Ioannovnas reign. In the Empress’s court was a man named Pietro-Mira Pedrillo, of Italian descent, В ________. It was this man's character and style that became the basis for Petrushka. In fact, the name Petrushka is a diminutive form of the name Pyotr (Peter, or Pietro in Italian).
In the beginning, Petrushka was intended for an adult audience. The plots of the puppet’s theatrical plays were about a variety of common, meaningful occurrences in a Russian’s life: a visit to a medical practitioner, learning m ilitary service, or a marriage ceremony, to name a few. The plots employed the use of interactive humour С _______ .
Over time, puppet theatre moved away from adult-themed entertainment and towards children’s fare. Because of this, some of the long-running and less savoury characters had to be retired. Still, the humour of the shows was considered sharp-witted enough D _______ .
An interesting aspect of Petrushka, as with other puppet shows, is his unusual voice, made to sound like a funny whistle, or kazoo. This would add a buzzing sound to the character’s speech, E ________. Mr Punch of Punch and Judy shows in the UK is one character with a similar voice.
Petrushka was famously made into a ballet in 1911 by Russian ballet composer Igor Stravinsky. The ballet tells a coming-to-life story of the puppet F ________.
1. to provide entertainment for both children and their parents
2. and follows his journeys as he discovers his thoughts and emotions
3. to force many puppeteers to seek alternative sources of income
4. who entertained the empress during leisurely afternoons
5. which could also be heard in famous puppet shows of other countries
6. whose persona was based on the personality of a court jester
7. which allowed the audience to participate in the various shows
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12-18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
The job of a butler
The job of a 21st century butler was underappreciated in society, but in carrying out the role Mr Wainwright found a type of magnificence which contradicted that lack of respect. His ability to be a silent yet highly perceptive presence amongst the upper classes, whilst performing his duties immaculately, was his proof.
He understood why he might be looked down upon by others; servitude wasn’t equated with prestige, unlike other jobs such as surgeon or architect. And society’s general disdain for the very privileged meant those who served them were like slaves to the enemy. He could leave his job at any time, however, and his salary rivalled his prestigious counterparts in the outside world’.
What he wasn’t allowed to do was be less than perfect. A butler was the boss of all the other service staff and he hadn’t arrived at the position overnight. The others around him - the valet, the footman, the hall boy - could make small mistakes and seemingly get away with it, that is until the earl took notice and had a word with Mr Wainwright, which he would pass on to them. The admonishment was more like a slap on the wrist, thanks to his kindly nature, however.
The butler had to know what was going to happen before it happened. Anticipation was the top job skill - not something you’re taught at school. It was a life lesson, one most people rarely learn. Even at butler training, this skill would be one you would just have to ‘pick up’. They’d tell you that you need to do this, but it was up to the individual to work out how they’d achieve it. Sacrificing your own needs to attend to the needs of others was a large part of it.
Besides being well paid for his service, there were certain other rewards for being a butler. The workspace was an elegant turn-of-the-century mansion, which Mr Wainwright admired deeply but had grown so accustomed to he took for granted, aside from its upkeep. The endless array of dignitaries that passed through the halls meant experiencing - if only from the sidelines - a slice of society most people would never come across. The butler’s living quarters were well furnished, if meagre in space. But the butler - in fact, all the staff - dined much like the nobility. They partook of the same fine meals that went upstairs, even if they consumed them downstairs. That was what Mr Wainwright savoured the most.
Every bit as delicate as the household procedures was Mr Wainwright’s relationship with the earl. Their exchanges were often friendly, but it was understood that they were not ‘friends’, nor could Mr Wainwright ever wish for that. The lady of the house was technically the person he reported to. Lady Channing was the one who’d elevated him to his exalted position, and who would defend him against any of the earl’s misgivings about his service, of which there were few.
Mr Wainwright had settled on a life of service, disregarding other opportunities, not only because of his rare ability to serve others while remaining largely unseen, but also because of his deep-seated need to be needed himself. Praise, however, was rare in Channing Manor - the perfunctory ‘Thank you, Wainwright’ was as commonplace as afternoon tea. The very promotion from footman to butler had only included the words ‘I’d like you to be our butler’ followed by ‘This is what you will do’. It was years later, when Lady Channing, in a moment of humility, said, ‘I don’t know what I would do without you,’ that Mr Wainwright was reminded of his wise choice.
12 What does Mr Wainwright consider to be magnificent?
1) His position. 3) People’s opinions.
2) His duties. 4) His abilities.
13 In what way is Mr Wainwright’s job like a surgeon’s?
1) It is well paid. 3) The duties are similar.
2) People appreciate both jobs. 4) People look down on both jobs.
14 The phrase ‘slap on the wrist’ in the third paragraph means ...
1) a severe punishment. 3) tapping someone’s hand with wood.
2) a light warning. 4) light praise.
15 How does a butler learn how to foresee his boss’s needs?
1) Through training. 2) From higher staff.
3) From the boss himself. 4) Through personal devotion.
16 ‘That’ in ‘That was what M r Wainwright savoured the most’ in the fifth paragraph refers to ...
1) the surroundings he dined in. 2) the food he dined on.
3) the people he dined with. 4) the manner in which he dined.
17 What is true about Mr Wainwright’s relationships with the Channings?
1) The earl defended him from Lady Channing. 2) Lady Channing deeply respected him.
3) He wished he was closer to the earl. 4) He and the earl often had problems.
18 Mr Wainwright was satisfied with being a butler because ...
1) the lady had said many kind things to him over the years.
2) he enjoyed serving others without wanting anything in return.
3) a few small things were said to him on a daily basis.
4) he realised he was a valued and necessary part of something
Раздел 3 Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19-25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19-25.
The London Tube
19 Have you ever wondered what strange things lurk within the London Underground (or ‘Tube’) system? The first things people usually think of are the mice that you can occasionally see ______________________RUN along the tracks.
20 In fact, mice aren’t the only strange things in the Underground system. Passengers leave behind thousands of objects. Items that were once______________________ THEY now reside in London Transport’s lost property office.
21 The collection is not open to the public, but a wedding dress, sets of false teeth, artificial limbs and a metre-high Mickey Mouse statue are just some of things people could see if they visited the office. Objects that______________________ LEAVE in the office for more than three months are donated to charity or sold at auction.
22 Shelley was reading an article about some money a builder had found in an old house. He’d gone to the police with £64,000. She asked her friend Paul what he would do if he______________________ FIND a large amount of money.
23 ‘Oh, the same thing he did,’ Paul ______________________ NOT HESITATE to respond. ‘It’s not right to keep that kind of money. It’s not just £20, you know.’
24 Shelley thought about it for several moments. She couldn’t help wondering how the police would know ______________________ WHO money it was.
25 ‘Apparently,’ she said, reading the article further, ‘if nobody claims the money after a certain period of time, the police ______________________ GIVE it back to the builder.’ She wondered whether the builder would be lucky on this occasion.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26-31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26-31.
26 For years, city planners in Sweden have been creating green communities. These are places that use energy______________________ WISE and cut down on waste.
27In fact, what was once a dirty ______________________ INDUSTRY site has been transformed into this kind of community. The area, known as Western Harbour, is found in Sweden’s third largest city, Malmo.
28 The area is a marvel when it comes to clean living. It has hardly any streets for cars; homes are linked by walkways and buses provide a regular ______________________ CONNECT to the city centre.
29 Homes were designed with ‘green points’ in mind. A ‘green point’ could be a plot of ground for growing vegetables, a nest box for birds or a______________________ CONTAIN in which residents can plant flowers. Each home is required to have ten green points.
30 The community is powered by 100% renewable energy. Solar panels collect energy from the sun and a nearby wind turbine provides an ______________________ END supply of electricity.
31 More than just being green, architects made sure the housing ______________________ DEVELOP was pleasant to look at. Its combination of modern, futuristic design with more traditional styles helps make Western Harbour a joy to live in.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Mark was put in charge of promoting the technology museum he worked for. Attendance had been lagging in recent months, and the museum bosses were looking for something to improve the museums 32 _______ .
He often hired advertising firms to come up with the campaigns. Then one day a very strange but clever idea popped into his head. ‘Why don’t we let someone live here?’ he 33 _______to his bosses. His bosses were impressed.
So he set out to make it happen. The first step was to 34 _______ awareness of the campaign. The museum had profiles on Twitter and Facebook, and Mark had managed to befriend thousands of people through social media.
He sent this message around to everyone: ‘Win a chance to stay in a museum for a month!’ The competition really took 35 ______ .
With hundreds of people entering, Mark knew the idea was a 36 ______ .
The museum hardly spent a thing on advertising. ‘You know what they say, the best advertising is through 37 ______ of mouth,’ Mark told his bosses. The winner was announced: Amy from Luton. A part of the museum was sectioned off for Amy to live in. Glass walls allowed patrons to look in and see the ‘exhibit’.
The only thing demanded of Amy was that she blogged 38 ______ the experience... a clever tie-in with technology. When the TV networks called for interviews, Mark knew he had found the holy grail of advertising.
32 1) portrait 2) picture 3) image 4) face
33 1) responded 2) admitted 3) advised 4) proposed
34 1) raise 2) lift 3) grow 4) build
35 1) off 2) in 3) up 4) out
36 1) tap 2) slap 3) knock 4) hit
37 1) talk 2) speech 3) letter 4) word
38 1) over 2) about 3) through 4) from
Раздел 4 Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Nicole, who writes:
I'm doing a report on the media in one of my classes. I was wondering about your experience with the media. Where do you get your news? How often do you read, watch or listen to the news ? Whats your opinion about it?
In other news, my aunt and uncle are visiting in two weeks ...
Write a letter to Nicole.
In your letter:
• answer her questions
• ask 3 questions about her new house
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
Governments should limit the size of sugary drink containers in order to improve public health.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
• express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
• explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
• make a conclusion restating your position
Раздел 5 Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you w ant to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Astronomers are constantly discovering new things in our solar system. Some of the newest findings involve water sources. These findings are of tremendous importance, as water is the key element for life to exist.
Some of these water sources have recently been found on objects that we’ve already learned quite a lot about. The moon, to which man has actually travelled, seems to have frozen pools of water present in a few areas. Mars, on which probes have landed on the surface, is believed to have enormous amounts of frozen water in its ice caps.
Other objects further from Earth are believed to contain water. Some of the moons of Jupiter and Saturn are thought to have very large, undersea lakes deep below their icy surface. Whether or not life exists in these places is yet to be revealed.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering buying the item and you would like to get more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) the cost
2) the age of the item
3) if reservations are accepted
4)the sellers location
5) delivery options
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
Imagine that some years ago you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• when you took the photo
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you took the photo
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: I ’ve chosen photo number...
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs: