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MASS MEDIA

A lot of people are fond of watching TV. Others say that television is becoming a national disease.
Every day millions of people watch TV and find it the best way of entertainment. Why is television so popular?
Personally, I spend at least two hours a day watching TV. Thanks to television, I can learn about the latest international and local events, I "travel" all over the world and broaden my mind. Television gives me food for thought, introduces me to new ideas and activities. There is always a great variety of programs on TV: news and sports programs, talk shows and TV games, documentaries and feature films, concerts and theatre performances. Besides, there are a lot of excellent educational programs for children and teenagers. They help them improve their knowledge, transfer them to different places and develop their imagination and creativity.
However, there are a lot of silly programs and commercials on TV which stuff our heads with nonsense. Some people don't choose what they watch and they are glued to the screen the whole days. Watching television can be addictive as well as smoking or drinking coffee. This fact lets some people affirm that television is becoming a national disease. The other problem is that there is too much violence on TV. Every day we are reported about natural disasters, murders and robberies. We watch hits where people are killed before our very eyes. It dulls our sensitivity and makes us aggressive.
To conclude, it's up to you to decide what to watch and how much time to spend in front of the TV-set. All in all, television can be very dangerous when it is misused. That is why it is very important to choose programs that we watch very carefully and to limit our viewing time.
Some parents allow their children to watch TV the whole days, while other parents are worried about the negative influence of television on children's physical and mental development.
A lot of parents still don't know how television influences children's health and development. Is it all right to let children watch TV as much as they want?
In my opinion, it's not right that some parents use television as a babysitter in order to keep their children quiet. Besides, many of them don't care what films and programs their children watch. As a result, boys and girls watch hits, commercials, soap operas and programs which are not intended for them. As experts point out, television delays children's speech development. What is more, a lot of adults complain that they can't get their sons and daughters to leave the TV-set when they want to play with them or to take them to the zoo. Nowadays some children are so addicted to television that they are not interested in anything else: they don't read books, communicate with grown-ups and other children. They move less, speak less and they even think less. As a result children are becoming passive, lazy and dull-witted.
However, television has some advantages as well. There are a lot of good cartoons and feature films for children on TV. Besides, there are excellent educational programs and programs designed for schools. They help children broaden their mind, transfer them to different places and develop their imagination and creativity.
To some up., if a child's parents are clever enough, they will choose carefully what their son or daughter watches. It is very important to limit children's viewing time. Boys and girls should understand that there are a lot of other interesting and useful things to do besides watching TV.
Many people watch soap operas because they find them enjoyable and realistic. Others say that watching soap operas is just a waste of time.
I have always wondered why there is so much talk about soap operas. Most people either like or strongly dislike them.
Personally, I don't watch soap operas. I find them absolutely uninteresting and totally boring. As a rule events unfold rather slowly and sometimes actors' performance leaves much to be desired. Some soap operas have been running for several years. If I have some free time, I'd rather read a book, listen to music or go for a walk with my friends. I think soap operas are aimed at housewives and pensioners who have much spare time. To my mind, people who are fond of soap operas find their own lives rather boring. If a person's life is full of interesting events, he or she will hardly have a desire to spend hours in front of the TV-set watching other people fall in love, quarrel, separate and so on.
However, a lot of people say that watching soap operas gives them an opportunity to relax, to experience the main characters' feelings and to plunge into exciting adventures. People who like soap operas try to see every episode. And later they discuss what happened to their favourite characters with their friends or colleagues. Thanks to soap operas, they can learn about the lives of rich and glamorous people. Besides, watching soap operas is the best entertainment for old and disabled people who are confined to their homes and who lack communication.
To conclude, it is up to you to decide whether to watch soap operas or not. Anyway, tastes differ and what is interesting to you may seem totally boring to other people.
Some people are fond of reality TV shows, while others are against them.
Nowadays there are a lot of television programmes that put ordinary or famous people in different situations, film them over a period of weeks or months, and let the viewers watch what happens every day. Reality shows now dominate the TV schedules, but different people have different attitude to these programmes.
Personally, I think that watching reality shows is a waste of time. Most of them are boring and stupid. I don't care about celebrities eating bugs or police officers chasing after stolen cars. To my mind, there are too many reality shows on TV and all of them are exactly the same. What is more, reality shows have become more personal and even humiliating. They are full of awkward situations and they make people do silly things to please the masses. So I'd rather watch a good movie.
However, millions of people love watching reality shows. They say reality television gives ordinary people a wonderful opportunity to become national celebrities, at least for a short period. For some people watching reality shows is a great way to pass the time and they consider these programmes to be rather funny. Some viewers are addicted to reality shows and watch them for hours. But I think it is better to worry about your own life than the lives of other people.
In conclusion, I would like to say that television should give us food for thought, and introduce us to new ideas and activities. As for reality shows, they stuff our heads with nonsense.
Some people say that television, radio and newspapers have changed our lives for the better. However, others believe that the mass media has more disadvantages than advantages.
Nowadays the mass media actually rules the world. It has a lot of power because its tool is information and its aim is to make information available to ordinary people.
Personally, I can't imagine my life without newspapers, radio and television. They inform us of what is going on in the world and give us wonderful possibilities for education and entertainment. On every news-stand there are dozens of newspapers for businessmen, children and teenagers, sports fans and so on. To my mind, you can always find a newspaper which suits your interests. Television is the main source of news for millions of people. It gives us an opportunity to "travel" all over the world. Besides, it helps us relax and escape from reality. As for the radio, I like listening to it in the car, in the open air, or when I do something about the house.
On the other hand, newspapers, radio and television often inform us of dramatic events. Many people say it makes them feel depressed. One more disadvantage is that the media spreads gossip about different celebrities and their private lives. What is more, newspapers, television and radio have become major advertising media. Advertisements and commercials make people buy a lot of useless things. Moreover, they can be harmful. For example, cigarette or beer advertising can increase the consumption of these goods and cause problems with health.
To conclude, it is still an open question if it is good or bad that the media moulds public opinion. Anyway, I'm sure that people should not believe everything they hear, see or read about.
SPORTS, HEAL TH & BEAUTY
Some of my friends think it's important to do sports regularly, while others would rather watch a sporting event on TV.
Nowadays people have to work more and they prefer to rest more actively. Therefore they need better health, more energy and endurance in order to carry out all activities efficiently and without fatigue. It's important to be in good shape and to stay healthy and attractive.
To my mind, physical exercises are essential for everyone. If you want to be strong physically and mentally, you can go to a fitness club, a sauna or a swimming pool. Physical exercises strengthen the immune system, improve mental health and help prevent different diseases and obesity. Exercising is also the best remedy for insomnia, depression and stress.
However, a lot of people say they have neither time nor opportunity to go in for sports. What is more, they feel too tired after a hard day's work. That is why all they can do in the evening is to watch sporting events on TV. But I think that if you don't have an opportunity to go to a fitness club, you can just buy a treadmill or a stationary bike and exercise at home. You can also do your morning exercises, jog, swim in summer, ski or skate in winter, play different sports games such as tennis, football, volley-ball, basket-ball and so on. At least you can dance and jump about your room to music for 10-15 minutes each day.
To conclude, if you want to be slim and strong, you must leave your comfortable armchair and exercise. It is not enough to watch other people doing sports. Only regular exercises will help you make your life longer and healthier.
Some parents think that Physical Education is a very important subject to their children. Others think that PE should only be optional at school because not everyone is equally good at sport.
There have been a lot of arguments if Physical Education should be on the curriculum in most schools. Some parents consider PE to be a very important subject, while others are convinced that it is up to pupils to choose whether to attend these lessons or not.
I strongly feel that Physical Education is essential for every boy and girl. Not every child has an opportunity to go to a fitness club or a swimming pool because it costs much money. But physical exercises are important because they strengthen the immune system, improve mental health and help prevent different diseases and obesity. All children and teenagers want to be in good shape and to stay healthy.
On the other hand, quite a lot of children have problems with their health and they can't attend PE lessons. Some boys and girls feel embarrassed when they can't do what their classmates can. They can't run fast, jump high or they don't play basketball or volley-ball well. What is more, such children often feel upset or even humiliated when they get bad marks. But I think that PE lessons are useful for everybody. To my mind, children who are weaker should do some easy exercises.
In conclusion, I would like to say that Physical Education is an essential part of the school curriculum as well as mathematics, literature or foreign languages. Of course, not everyone is equally good at sport. But not everyone is equally good at other subjects and it is not a good reason to make them optional. Anyway, PE lessons will help children become stronger, healthier and more energetic.
They say, excessive exercises are detrimental to health, but some people don't share this opinion.
In general, sport helps us to be in good shape, to become strong and to stay healthy and attractive. But can excessive exercises ruin your health?
Personally, I think that immoderate training is very harmful. Firstly, a person who exercises too much feels exhausted and depressed. He or she expands too much time and energy on doing sports. Such people feel great pressure and tend to exercise harder and harder trying to achieve better results. They stop taking breaks and lose touch with their own needs. Secondly, sportsmen often suffer different injuries which sometimes can be very serious. It usually takes them much time to recover. Finally, some professional sportsmen take a dope, a drug which serves to improve their performance. Such drugs do much harm to their health and they can even kill.
But in spite of all these dangers, many people go in for sports. Physical exercises strengthen the immune system, improve mental health and help prevent different diseases and burn calories. Exercising is also the best remedy for insomnia and stress. People who exercise regularly are productive, happy, efficient and calm. Exercise re-energizes them, improves their concentration and problem-solving.
To conclude, it is generally well-known now that there are many physical and mental health benefits that can be gained from regular exercise. But don't forget that exercises are very useful in case they are moderate.
The popularity of extreme sports has grown a lot for the last decades. More and more people are getting involved in this activity. Others are sure that it is silly of such people to risk their lives.
Extreme sports are becoming more and more popular. Some people say that they can't imagine their lives without them. However, others don't understand what compels some individuals to extreme sports.
In my opinion, extreme sports give one a wonderful opportunity to release stress, to escape everyday monotony and to get his portion of adrenaline. Those people who are involved in extreme activities say it gets the adrenaline pumping and makes them forget about all their problems. Besides, it is always great to take up something new. I believe it's really very difficult to think about ordinary things when you have to survive and to fight against environmental obstacles and challenges. It makes people feel strong and alive. What is more, it is also an unusual way of losing weight and keeping fit.
But some people think that taking up the extremist lifestyle is crazy as it often involves a high level of danger. They admit that they are afraid of diving from a plane or jumping from a bridge. Indeed, it is not a task for the weak hearted. It requires endurance and reliance on your own survival skills. Extreme activities often involve speed, height and physical exertion. Besides, you will need a certain amount of money to pay for highly specialized gear and a professional instructor.
To sum up, it's up to you to decide whether to risk your life or not. Some extreme activities are so dangerous that people compare them with virtual suicide. Others say that the experience is magical. But you should always remember that your life and your health are the most important things.
Surfing is becoming more and more popular nowadays. However, some people say that this sport is not for everybody because it is rather risky.
Many people admire muscular bronzed young men who ride a surfboard on the crest of a wave as it carries them towards the shore. Some people practice surfing as a recreational activity, while others think that it is the most important thing in their lives.
Personally, I believe that surfing is a source of inspiration for many people. It gives them a wonderful opportunity to display their strength and agility, to release stress, to escape everyday monotony and to get their portion of adrenaline. Surfing is an excellent sport for those who are ready to risk their lives and to take up something new. It will certainly help you become stronger and healthier. Anyone at any age can learn to surf.
However, many people say that surfing is very difficult. Most beginners are not able to catch the wave at all. Surfers should be able to control their board in challenging conditions, to ride challenging waves, and to execute different maneuvers. Besides, the equipment and sportswear for surfing are rather expensive. Moreover, one should not forget that surfing is extremely dangerous. Trapped inside a high wave surfers can become totally disorientated. One of the main dangers of surfing is drowning. Some professional surfers have drowned in extremely challenging conditions. Collisions with sand bars, rocks, reefs or surfboards can sometimes cause injuries and even death. Such anima.ls as sharks or jellyfish can also present a danger.
To sum up, if you have made up your mind to become a surfer, take all pros and cons into consideration first.
A lot of people dream of being slim. They follow a diet trying to lose weight. But others say that weight-loss diets can be very harmful.
Turning over the pages of glossy fashion magazines we see pictures of beautiful women and handsome men with ideal figures and we want to be like them. In chase of health and beauty a lot of people follow different weight-loss diets. But they often forget how awful the consequences might be.
Personally, I never follow any diets. To my mind, the best way to lose weight is to exercise. Physical exercises help you to be in good shape and to stay healthy and attractive. Running and swift walking help me to burn calories. I often go to a fitness club and a swimming pool. Besides, I try to avoid fast, fried and fatty food.
However, a lot of people are keen on weight-loss diets. Many of them stop eating anything thinking that starvation will lead to the best results. But dieting may have such side effects as fatigue, irritability, depression or fainting and it may result in such eating disorders as anorexia or bulimia. I think that if you want to lose weight and to preserve health, it's better to begin with smaller portions of food and some substitutions. For example, you can replace a cup of tea and a cake with a glass of juice. Anyway, one should remember that a person needs 2,000 calories a day, but it depends on age, weight, physical activity and other factors.
To conclude, it is great to be slim, but never forget that "health is the best wealth". All in all, if you want to go on a diet, you'd better consult a doctor or a nutrition expert first.
Some people think that physical attractiveness is important to every person. Others say that it is inner beauty that really matters.
People have admired beauty since ancient times. It gives us a sense of pleasure and inspiration, keeps up our spirits and makes us accomplish feats. But there is a kind of beauty that is not observable. It is called inner beauty. So which is more important: a pretty face or a kind heart?
Personally, I believe that inner beauty is much more important than an attractive appearance. People have always valued honesty, kindness, sincerity, devotion and tenderness. In the history of mankind there are a lot of examples when a person fell in love with an absolutely unattractive or even ugly man or woman because of his or her wonderful traits of character. Every child knows the famous story "Beauty and the Beast". It is about a charming girl who fell in love with a frightening monster because he possessed inner beauty.
However, others believe that physical attractiveness make people happy. A person who has large eyes, a slim figure, long legs, thick hair and regular features is usually admired by everybody. Beauty can help people become successful and even famous. Beautiful people receive more attention, find romantic partners more easily, get better jobs and promotions and even earn more money. Some historical individuals have become icons of beauty, including Cleopatra, Sophie Loren and Marilyn Monroe. But I think that most beautiful people are capricious, lightminded and faithless.
To sum up, both physical attractiveness and inner beauty are important to a person. But I strongly feel that it is better to have a good character than a beautiful face. Anyway, appearances are deceptive.
Plastic surgery is becoming more and more popular. Some people think that it can help them become happier and more attractive. Others are convinced that there are too many risks which must be taken into account.
In modern society personal image and appearance play an important role. Now it is fashionable to be young and attractive. Both men and women are afraid of getting old. That is why they use plastic surgery procedures to conceal the signs of aging.
In my opinion, the possibilities of plastic surgery are huge. It can help you change the shape of your nose, correct sticking-out ears, reduce a double chin and what not. Successful plastic surgery can lead to an increase in self-esteem and confidence. Studies show that beautiful people are considered to be more intelligent, successful and capable. Besides, they often have increased romantic opportunities and it is easier for them to make a career and to find friends. Young and beautiful people are more likely to succeed and they are usually happier and more satisfied with their lives.
However, plastic surgery has its own risks including the body's rejection of an implant, allergy to anesthesia, post-operation pains, prolonged regeneration and others. Some people have lost their lives and suffered disfigurement and scarring as a result of plastic surgery gone wrong. And even if you feel good after an operation, you may be dissatisfied with results. Surgeons can never guarantee a 100-percent success. That is why I think that plastic surgery should be used only to remove or correct physical defects.
To conclude, it's important to understand that while plastic surgery has a number of advantages, it will hardly change your life or solve your problems. Think about all the possible risks before making the final decision to have a plastic operation done.