ЧТЕНИЕ

1

1. Прочитайте информацию для туристов с Интернет сайта об историческом городе Стратфорд на Эйвоне в Англии. Установите соответствие между заголовками A-F и текстами 1-5. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
A What to do D Significant buildings
В How to get then? E Why Stratford is famous
С A brief history of the town F Places to stay
1. Stratford-upon-Avon is set m the beautiful rural Warwickshire countryside, on the banks of the river Avon. The town is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Britain. Known as the birthplace of William Shakespeare, Stratford has much to offer the visitor. In the pedestrianised part of the town centre you will find a lovely house and neat garden surrounded by a small wood, where Shakespeare was born in 1564. The life and times of Shakespeare can be experienced in this little town.
2. There are many treasures a visitor will find strolling about the town. In Church Street you will find the grammar school where Shakespeare was educated. Nash House and New Place, where he lived from 1597 until his death in 1616 are nearby. Another famous home and perhaps one of the most photographed cottages in England is Anne Hathaway’s cottage, where she lived before marrying Shakespeare in 1582. A trip to Stratford would not be complete without taking a short stroll to Ноlу Trinity Church, where William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway are buried.
3. The Avon River adds greatly to the picturesque setting of Stratford. It's a great spot for a picnic, where you can watch the swans and tour boats glide by. Take a traditional ferry boat ride across the river to enjoy a riverside walk with open-air entertainers and much more. Appreciate the works of Shakespeare live at the famous Royal Shakespeare Theatre on the river. A dinner cruise is another delightful way to spend the evening.
4. A visitor to Stratford will find a wide variety of accommodation: everything from hotels and a youth hostel in town to countryside farmhouses. There are various tour companies available to guide you around town. Restaurants, pubs and teahouses are scattered about the town that cater to every taste. Stop by the tourist information centre for information on what Stratford has to offer.
5. You can visit Stratford by car (one hour’s drive from London) and the town has two large car parks available. Another option is by coach, in which case you can also book a one day package tour from London. British Rail provides services from London and other locations around Britain to Stratford. The train station is conveniently located in the centre of town, a short walk from the tourist information centre, where you can plan an unforgettable visit to Stratford-upon-Avon.
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2. Прочитайте текст о Зубной фее. Определите, какие из приведѐнных утверждении А5—А8 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чѐм в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated).
While you are asleep she comes to your room in the middle of the night. She is small with wings and she can fly. She takes the tooth you have left under the pillow and leaves a small amount of money. She quickly disappears with the tooth. This is the myth of the Tooth Fairy. Children get their first visit when they are aged between 5 and 7 and losing their first teeth. Normally, by the age of 12 all of the 20 baby teeth are gone and the Tooth Fairy no longer appears.
In medieval times it was the custom m many parts of the world to celebrate the loss of a baby tooth with some kind of ritual. For example, the 8th century Vikings had a 'tooth fee', a small gift given to children when they lost a tooth. The tradition of the Tooth Fairy as we know it today, however, with her nightly visits, became popular m America in the early 1900s. She has been the subject of various books, films and even a radio series. In the USA Tooth Fairy Day is celebrated on 28th February.
Why is she such a popular fairy? Obviously, children love the excitement of finding money under their pillow m the morning. Not only that, but losing teeth can be a frightening experience, where the Tooth Fairy comforts the child with a little reward. Celebrating the loss of a tooth marks an important moment m growing up. For all these reasons even when children understand that their parents are the ones who creep into their room, they continue to 'believe' in the magic of the Tooth Fairy.
So what do you suppose happens to all those little teeth? Some people say the Tooth Fairy uses them to build a castle or make pretty jewellery, while others point to the sky, where she has placed them as stars.
A5 The Tooth Fairy makes her visit when you are in bed.
1. True 2. False 3. Not stated
A6 The Tooth Fairy only visits children who are 5 to 7 years old.
1. True 2. False 3. Not stated
A7 America is the only part of the world that believes in the myth today.
1. True 2. False 3. Not stated
A8 Children sometimes feel scared when they lose a tooth.
1. True 2. False 3. Not stated

2

1. Прочитайте информацию, которую учитель дает учащимся, впервые собирающимся в круиз по реке Темзе в Лондоне. Установите соответствие между заголовками A-F и текстами 1-5. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
A An unusual view of London D A home to kings
В A sailor and his ship E Student sportsmen
С Understanding the river F Understanding students
1. As you know, we are going on a river cruise on the Thames this afternoon. I would like to give you some information before we set off for central London. The Thames is the most famous river in England and is full of history. The river is tidal which means that if we travel with the flow of the water in the centre of the river we can go quite fast. For larger vessels, however, if they travel against the flow of the river, they may double their journey time. The level of water also changes according to the tides.
2. The Thames is also home to the Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge Universities which takes place every spring. It is a very popular race with about a quarter of a million people watching from the banks of the river. The two teams race against each other by rowing their boats from Putney to Mortlake. However, they have to take into consideration how fast and rough the water is in the middle of the river. Sometimes you can go faster when you're not taking advantage of the centre current if it is too strong.
3. The Thames harbours some historic vessels. The one we're going to see today is a replica of the Golden Hind, a 16th century ship captained by Francis Drake. It is believed to be the first English ship to have sailed around the world, a remarkable feat considering how small the ship was. It was on this ship Francis Drake was knighted 'Sir Francis Drake' by Queen Elizabeth I.
4. Another famous attraction is the London Eye. It looks just like a big wheel that you find in a fairground. Basically, it is an observation wheel that revolves. The only difference is that you stand in capsules which go around with the 'Eye'. It is 135 metres high which means that when your capsule gets to the top, you have the most wonderful panorama of the River Thames and London itself.
5. We will also be able to see the Tower of London which is a famous historic landmark. This building has been a fortress, a royal palace and even a prison - for people of status and royalty, of course. However, the Tower of London is also well-known for two other important reasons. The first is that it has housed the Crown Jewels since 1303. The second reason is the ravens that live at the Tower. It is said that if the ravens ever leave the Tower, the British monarchy and kingdom will fall.
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2. Прочитайте текст о двух британских писателях и их детективных персонажах. Определите, какие uз утверждении A5-А8 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чѐм в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительно/о. ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not Stated).
Sir Arthur Соnan Doyle was a Scottish doctor and author who is remembered for his stones about Sherlock Holmes. He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh and it was during his student years that he began writing short stories. His first novel, which introduced the character Sherlock Holmes, was called A Study in Scarlet and was published m 1867.
Sherlock Holmes was the creation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, but many people of the time believed he was a real person because in the novels he lives at a realistic address - 221b Baker Street. London. He is an amateur detective, chemist and violin player. When he solves a case, he uses his excellent powers of observation and medical knowledge, assisted by his friend Dr. Watson.
Agatha Christie was an English crime writer whose detectives Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple have earned her the title of "Queen of Crime". She also wrote short stories and plays; one of her plays, The Mousetrap, started in 1952 and is still running today in London's West End.
Miss Marple is a sweet old lady who lives in an English village. She likes knitting and gardening and people regard her as a little confused. However, when it comes to solving a crime, she has a sharp logical mind. She often solves crimes that leave the police mystified. Agatha Christie's other detective creation is Hercule Poirot who is from Belgium. He is famous for his moustache and his egg-shaped head; he solves crimes by using the power of his brain.
A5 Arthur Conan Doyle wasn't a doctor.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A6 Sherlock Holmes was real.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A7 Agatha Christie lived in a village.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A8 Miss Marple and Hercule Poirot were detectives.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated

3

1. Прочитайте информацию из буклета о безопасности на кухне. Установите соответствие между заголовками A-F и текстами 1-5. Занесите свои отлеты в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
A Treating injuries correctly D Keeping work surfaces clean
В Protecting food from going bad E Storing dangerous substances
С Avoiding fire hazards F Handling equipment safely
1. One of the most common dangers in the kitchen is allowing pans with cooking fat or oil to overheat and burst into flames. If this happens, cover the pan with a damp cloth or a blanket. Never use water in this situation as it will turn into boiling steam and splatter you with hot oil. It is also necessary to check all electrical appliances regularly and repair any damage. Old electricity systems may need to be completely replaced.
2. A second major safety hazard in the kitchen is knives. Knives should always be kept sharp as a blunt instrument will not cut through food easily. The extra effort needed to cut something may cause an accident. Always point the knife away from you and not towards your fingers. If you drop a knife, let it fall. Most people instinctively try to catch it, which is a dangerous thing to do. Likewise, avoid storing knives in drawers or putting them in a sink full of washing-up water, where they may not be seen.
3. Most kitchens have a variety of chemical cleaners to hand. Some of them can be harmful, especially when mixed together. The result could be an explosion or the release of poisonous gases. As a general rule, it is better not to keep such products in the kitchen where they can come into contact with food. If you do have to do so, make sure that they are on shelves lower than foodstuffs. In that way, if they leak, they won't get onto the food.
4. A knowledge of basic food hygiene is also important. Certain foods, such as raw chicken, eggs or seafood are particularly sensitive to temperature. Hot foods need to be kept at a temperature of above 65 degrees С and cold foods need to be below 5 degrees С. Place a good thermometer in your fridge so you can take regular temperature readings. Remember, too, always cool down food before placing it in the fridge. Otherwise it will increase the temperature and spoil the other food in there.
5. In spite of taking precautions, accidents may occur in the kitchen and you need to know what to do in such cases. Cuts should be washed under running cold water, then dried and dressed with a plaster. If the cut is deep, bandage it to reduce bleeding and call the doctor immediately. Do not apply cream to burns or scalds. Instead, place them under cold water or use an ice pack. This will help reduce blistering of the skin.

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2. Прочитайте текст о старинном велосипеде с колѐсами разного диаметра. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждении А5-А8 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чѐм в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated).
The penny-farthing bicycle, with its huge front wheel and tiny back wheel, has become the symbol of cycling in the Victorian era. It takes its name from the old British penny and farthing coins, one much larger than the other. In England James Starley started making these bikes in about 1870. Then in 1878 in America Albert Pope began producing the Columbia Bicycle, modelled on the penny-farthing.
These new bikes became extremely popular in both places. They were a great improvement on the older bicycles, known as boneshakers. The front wheel of the penny-farthings measured up to 1.5 metres across, so they could go much faster. The plain wooden wheels of the boneshaker were covered in iron and the rider received a great shaking as he travelled over the rough roads. The new bikes were all metal and the wheels had rubber tyres.
In spite of this increased comfort, the penny-farthing was still quite dangerous to ride. Its shoulder-high seat made getting on and off very difficult. Not only that, but with the large front wheel the bike often overturned. Even a small stone in the road could throw the rider to the ground. Going downhill many cyclists were thrown forwards over the handlebars and 'came a cropper', that is, were seriously injured or even killed.
By the 1890s penny-farthings had almost disappeared. They were replaced by the modern bike we know today with gears and a chain. Today, however, many enthusiasts collect these old machines and companies make modern versions. Every February riders gather in the quiet village of Evandale in Tasmania for the National Penny-farthing Championship. It's the world's biggest annual event devoted to racing antique bikes. Fans come from Australia, New Zealand, the USA, England, Ireland, Holland, Germany, the Czech Republic, Sweden, Singapore and Japan.
A5 Starley's and Pope's bikes were similar in design.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A6 The boneshaker was made entirely of wood.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A7 Riders had difficulty in keeping their balance on a penny-farthing.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A8 The National Penny-farthing Championship is the world's most popular cycling event.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated

4

1. Прочитайте информацию для учащихся, собравшихся посетить государственный музеи Эрмитаж. Установите соответствие между заголовками A-F и текстами 1-5.
A The city of Kiev D Collections from the classical world
В An outstanding artist E Learning in more detail
С History and information F Connections with old Russia
1. Welcome to the State Hermitage Museum. The museum is actually six buildings which can be found along the banks of the River Neva in the centre of St. Petersburg. One of the buildings, built by Francesco Rastrelli between 1754-62, used to be the Winter Palace of the Russian Tsars. It has taken more than two and a half centuries to collect the works of art on display. There are over 3,000,000 items which present the development of culture and art from the Stone Age to the 20th century.
2. The Hermitage Museum is also actively involved in archeological sites of ancient Russian towns. The earliest objects have been linked to the city of Kiev, which was the centre of ancient Rus from the 11th to 13th centuries. Many of these items are made of iron, stone, bone and glass. These objects give us a lot of useful information about the culture and way of life of rural communities. The best items in the collections come from the town of Pskov m north-west European Russia; some of the leather and wooden objects are in excellent condition.
3. The Mediterranean world is also represented with items showing the culture and art of Greece and Rome. The earliest pieces date from 2,000 ВС and the latest from the 4th century AD. The collection of painted vases from Attica, Corinth and Samos in Greece is among the best examples of this art in the world. The sculptures and small figures from the Roman period are also an important collection and include portraits of famous Roman emperors and statesmen as well as ordinary women and children.
4. The Hermitage has works of the famous Dutch painter, Rembrandt, from different periods of his life. Several are considered to be amongst his masterpieces. The earliest painting dates from 1631 and the latest from the end of Rembrandt's life. Many of the paintings are portraits of unknown people taken from Rembrandt's circle of friends; other subjects Include classical mythology and scenes from the Bible.
5. The Hermitage has many educational services on offer and there is great competition for places on the courses. For those students who would like to study art in depth, there are societies and clubs which are free of charge but students have to pass an interview before they are offered a place. International programmes encourage the study of historical and cultural relations of Russia and Western European countries. There are computer classes on art and CD ROMs can be purchased from the museum shop. The Hermitage website is extremely comprehensive and you can study art here on its virtual tour.

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2. Прочитайте текст о регионе Эверглейдс во Флориде. Определите, какие из приведѐнных утверждений А5-А8 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чѐм в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated).
The Florida Everglades are located in southern Florida, USA and are one of the largest wetlands in the world. The area is the last remaining subtropical wilderness in the United States. It is actually a river, or wetland which consists of wide, shallow, slow-moving water. Nicknamed 'the river of grass,' the Everglades are home to an unusual plant called sawgrass. In some areas the water is barely visible because the grass is so thick.
Several hundred years ago, the Everglades covered almost a third of the state of Florida. In 1947 President Truman declared the area the Everglades National Park, which ensured protection of its unique plant and animal habitats. Today the Everglades are half of their original size. State and national authorities are committed to restoring and protecting this national treasure.
The Everglades National Park is home to fifteen endangered species including the Florida panther. It is the only place in the world where alligators and crocodiles exist side by side. Sadly, the American crocodile and other species are endangered due to loss of habitat and alteration of water flow to the park. Other wildlife in danger of extinction includes butterflies, rodents and birds; during the 1940s the Red Cockaded Woodpecker was unable to be saved.
However, the Endangered Species Act of 1973 has given a measure of legal protection for the wildlife there. The Act also realises that various species of plant life and fish have educational, historical and scientific value. Because the physical boundaries of the National Park do not guarantee that a species will survive, the South Florida Research Centre has been studying how changes outside the park can influence the delicate balance of nature inside the park's boundaries. This research may lead to a brighter future for many rare and endangered species.
A5 The Everglades is nicknamed 'the river of grass'.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A6 All the animals in the Everglades are endangered.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A7 Alligators and crocodiles do not exist alongside each other in the Everglades.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A8 The Everglades National Park guarantees survival of a species
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated

5

1. Прочитайте статью из спортивного журнала о стадионе Уэмбли в Англии. Установите соответствие между заголовками A-F и текстами 1-5. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
A Not that simple D A clever design
В A long history E An expensive mistake
С Interesting facts F More than one function
1. As far back as the 1880s, the site on which London's Wembley Stadium now stands was home to sports. The original Wembley Park Leisure Grounds had football and cricket pitches, a running track and some beautiful gardens. The first stadium on the site, the old Empire Stadium, opened in 1923 and continued to be one of Britain's main sports venues until it closed in 2000. With the beginning of the new millennium, it was time to design a new stadium more suited to the needs of modern sports,
2. Visitors to the new Wembley Stadium, opened in 2007, are usually impressed. Standing almost four times higher than the old Empire Stadium and covering twice the area, the most stunning feature at Wembley is its roof. The roof can be operated to slide open and closed so that the seating area is protected when the weather is bad. In good weather the grass on the pitch receives plenty of sunlight. The roof is supported by a spectacular 133-metre-high arch, the largest of its kind in the world.
3. The building programme had its problems, however. Apart from rising building costs and various delays, there were a number of accidents. Two occurred in March 2006. First, a long piece of steel in the roof shifted position dangerously and dropped by about half a metre; 3,000 workers had to stop work temporarily and leave the stadium. Then the sewer pipes underneath the stadium were badly damaged and took months to repair. Eventually the stadium was completed on 9th March 2007, two years later than originally planned.
4. Wembley Stadium is owned by the national Football Association and hosts international football matches on England's home ground. The English domestic cup finals are also held there and it has hosted the UEFA Champions League final a record five times so far. Apart from that, Wembley is a favourite venue for music concerts. Top names like Coldplay, Metallica and Madonna have appeared there. The 2007 Live Earth concert was also a major attempt to raise people's awareness about the future of our planet.
5. The new Wembley has some fascinating statistics. It seats 90,000 spectators and is the largest stadium in the world with every seat under cover. The distance round the outside is 1 kilometre and the span of its famous arch is longer than the Eurostar trains which travel under the sea from England to France. The most fascinating statistic has to be that Wembley Stadium contains 2.618 toilets, which is more than any other venue in the world.

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2. Прочитайте текст о фестивале «Алые паруса». Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А5 - А8 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чѐм в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated).
Welcome to the St. Petersburg White Nights Festival. It's organised by the city every year and is free to the public. If you haven't been there before, you won't be disappointed. The nights at this time of year are very short and you'll see some fabulous coloured skies. You're also going to be treated to some magnificent fireworks displays and hear lots of music, both classical and modem. And all this on the banks of the Neva River with the stately buildings brightly lit up.
But that's not all. Tonight it's the Scarlet Sails celebration and you're in for a huge spectacular show. Scarlet Sails, or Alye Parusa in Russian, is the grand finale of the festival. Amidst all the fireworks and music, a tall old-fashioned sailing ship with red sails proudly goes forth on the river. This symbolises the end of the school year. Students from all over the world are there for the fun. Pirate 'battles' are enacted on the Neva, and there are rowing competitions and motorboat races.
Scarlet Sails originates in the novel of that name by the Russian author Alexander Grin. He was inspired when he saw a model boat in a toyshop window. His book appeared in 1923, followed by a film in 1961. Both are still enormously popular. They tell the story of a young girl named Asole who meets a wizard. He tells her that one day a ship with red sails will come and take her away to a new and happier lie. This fairytale has come to symbolise an entrance to adult life and new prospects. Today in Russia a special chorus of over 200 children, the 'Scarlet Sails', sings and plays musical instruments. Their prizewinning performances are recognised internationally and are an important part of the musical culture here.
So sit back and enjoy the show. The festival and the Scarlet Sails event are attended by over one million people each year, making it one of Russia's most important celebrations.
A5 The sun never sets during the White Nights Festival.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A6 Students take roles as pirates.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A7 Alexander Grin got the idea for his book from a toy boat.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated
A8 The film ‘Scarlet Sails’ has a different plot than the book.
1 True 2 False 3 Not stated