БИЛЕТ 8 ЕГЭ
Раздел 1 Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1–6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A–G. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей буквой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
A. Making a lot of money is the most important thing for me.
B. I will probably do the same job as one of my relatives.
C. I want to continue with my education for a long time.
D. I'm hoping I can travel a lot in my career.
E. Being famous really appeals to me.
F. I am planning to work with children when I'm older
Вы услышите разговор библиотекаря и читателя. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 True), какие не соответствуют (2 False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного ни отрицательного ответа (3 Not stated ). Обведите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
A1 The woman mistakes the salesman for someone else. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A2 The woman usually carries her passport with her. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A3 The woman has something with her that can be used as identification. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A4 You have to pay if you keep a book for more than two weeks. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A5 The library only has books. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A6 You can borrow a maximum of six things at the same time. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A7 The woman's library was much bigger than this one. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вы услышите интервью с Аланом Досоном, который только что снялся в фильме. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1,2 или 3 соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У Вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
A8 Alan says that
1) he probably won't be in the finished film.
2) people might not see him in the film.
3) he's one of the stars of the film.
A9 The film Battle of the Giants was
1) completely made in Hollywood.
2) not made in Hollywood at all.
3) partly made in Alan's local area.
A10 The advertisement which Alan saw called for people
1) who were particularly good-looking.
2) with plenty of acting experience.
3) who wanted a minor role in a film.
A11 Before the film, Alan had
1) never done any acting at all.
2) only done a small amount of acting.
3) done a large amount of acting.
A12 Alan heard from the film production company
1) one day after he had applied.
2) one week after he had applied.
3) three months after he had applied.
А13 Alan thinks the purpose of the interview was to
1) test how good at acting he was.
2) see if he really wanted to be in the film.
3) measure him for some clothes.
А14 Most of the work Alan did on the film involved
1) standing in a crowd of people.
2) learning how to act properly.
3) running away from the giants.
Раздел 2 Чтение
Установите соответствие между заголовками A -G и текстами 1-7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
A. SLOW SUCCESS E. GREAT CHANGES
B. FILM MUSICIAN F. WONDERFUL PLAYER
C. LONG HISTORY G. LIVE PERFORMANCES
D. DIFFERENT SPEEDS H. SEA SOUNDS
1. 1. While the electric guitar was invented quite recently (in 1931, by Adolf Rickenbacker , the guitar itself has been around in various forms for an incredibly long time. Musical instruments remarkably similar to the guitar have been played for at least the last five thousand years. The instrument which million of teenagers today dream of playing in a rock band started its life in Persia (now called Iran), in Central Asia.
2. Humans have only been able to record sounds to listen to later since the middle of the 1800s. Since then, however, technology has developed at an enormous speed. Records, cassettes and CDs have all allowed people to listen to recorded music in their own home. These days, more and more music is becoming 'digital'. We can save pieces of music as files on our computer, and can carry thousands of songs around on personal MP3 players.
3. Everyone knows that the British group The Beatles was the most successful pop group of all time. In the early 1960s, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr changed popular music forever. Things weren't easy for the band at the beginning, though. Lennon and МсCartney started making music together in 1957. By 1962, almost every single record company in Britain had rejected them, saying they would never achieve anything. Finally, one record company decided to take a risk \vith them. By 1964, they were the most popular band in the world.
4. Before pop groups and singers go on tour, they have to make a decision regarding their music. They probably want to play the songs from their latest album in their concerts, but the question is: should the songs sound as similar as possible to the sound created on the album, or should the audience hear a new version of the song? Madonna, for example, is always keen to sing her songs in a different way at concerts. Other singers choose to sing their songs as they sang them on the album.
5. Jerry Goldsmith spent much of his career writing the music for Hollywood movies. From the early 1950s until 2003, Goldsmith wrote the soundtracks for several hundred hit movies, including the Star Trek and Rambo series of films. He often worked on as many as six major movies in one year. If that wasn't enough, he also found the time to come up with the theme tunes for a large number of American TV and radio shows.
6. Dolphins and whales can hear much better than humans can. They can also hear much better than they can see. This does not cause them many problems, however, as sound travels through water much better than light does. They often use sounds to locate things such as rocks and food. Male humpback whales make noises that sound like they're singing. One whale can hear another whale's 'song' hundreds of miles away.
7. In a thunderstorm, have you ever counted the seconds between when you see the flash of lightning and when you hear the rumble of thunder? The number of seconds tells us how far away the lightning is. For example, if there's a 3 second gap, then the lightning is approximately 3 miles away. But why don't the thunder and lightning happen at the same time? In fact they do, but because light travels much faster than sound, we see the lightning several seconds before we hear the thunder.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 частями предложений, обозначенными и A-G. Одна из частей в списке A-G — лишняя. Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.
Can you think of a place on Earth that isn't part of a particular country? There are very few. One of them is Antarctica.
Antarctica is a frozen continent 1_________________,
In the middle of Antarctica lies the Geographic South Pole, 2_________________.
In the winter, Antarctica is one of the most inhospitable places in the world. It's dark 24 for almost hours a day, and temperatures can reach as low as -70°C.
The only people who live on Antarctica in the winter are scientists,3_________________.
Much of this research helps us understand climate change and global warming,
4_________________. Because Antarctica isn't a country, though, the scientists don't need to show anyone their passport when they arrive!
In the summer, conditions are much better. It's warmer, and in parts of Antarctica it's only dark for about four hours each night. Because of this, and because it's such a fascinating place, many touristsut four hours each night. Because of this, and because it's such a fascinating place, many tourists now visit the continent each year.
They come on cruise ships, usually from South America, and spend a week or two 5_________________.
If you go on a cruise to Antarctica, make sure you see the stunning and enormous icebergs in Paradise Harbour. You should also visit the Dry Valleys, which are near the South Magnetic Pole. There's no snow or ice in the Dry Valleys, and it hasn't rained there 6________________!
Expect to see lots of penguins too. If you visit Zavodovski Island you'll see quite a few - several million, in fact!
A which is the southernmost point in the world
B who was the first person to reach the South Pole
C which covers an area of more than 14 million square kilometres
D so it's extremely important work
E for more than two million years
F who endure the extreme conditions in order to do their research
G seeing the amazing sights on offer
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
'I want everyone to be absolutely clear how seriously I'm taking this', said Mrs Lowry. The twelve children tared at her silently and intently, their frightened expressions demonstrating that they did indeed recognise the gravity of the situation.
'We will not tolerate stealing in this school. It's quite simple. Whoever has taken Julie's purse must return it to me during the lunch break. If you do that, we won't say anything more about it. I shan't punish you, and I won't tell the head teacher or your parents. But if Julie's purse hasn't been returned by the end of lunch, then I'm afraid I'll have no choice but to go to Mr Jenkins, and you know what he'll do. There's a school policy for situations like this and there's no getting out of it. That's right - he'll bring the police in. They'll come this afternoon, and they'll interview you all. They'll find out who took the purse, I'm sure of it, and whoever it is will be in very, very serious trouble. So, please, for your own good, if you took Julie's purse, bring it to me during the lunch break. I'll be in here, on my own, the whole time. Does everyone understand?'
'Yes, Mrs Lowry', said the group of nine-year-olds in chorus.
Lunch break came and went with no one handing in the purse to Mrs Lowry.
'This is a great shame', said Mrs Lowry sadly. 'Before I go and talk to Mr Jenkins, I'm just going to ask you, Julie, one more time: are you absolutely one hundred per cent sure you brought your purse to school this morning?'
'Yes, Mrs Lowry'.
'And when did you last see it?'
'During the break, at eleven o'clock. Just as I told you. I took out a pound coin to go and buy a can of Coke. When I came back with the change, it had gone'.
'And Elizabeth, you saw Julie take the pound coin out of her purse, did you?'
'Yes, Mrs Lowry', said the girl sitting next to Julie. 'Julie's telling the truth. We went to the drinks machine together and when we came back, Julie's purse wasn't in her bag anymore. That's when we came to find you'.
'I'll ask you all one more time. Does anyone know anything about the whereabouts of Julie's purse?'
There was absolute silence in the classroom.
'Then I shall go and get Mr Jenkins now'.
Mrs Lowry had already opened the door and stepped into the corridor when a voice houted: 'Mrs Lowry! '
She immediately turned and came back into the room.
'What is it?' she asked. David, sitting right at the back of the class, was pointing excitedly at the radiator on the wall next to him.
'Look, Mrs Lowry! Behind the radiator! I think it's Julie's purse!'
There did seem to be something colourful behind the radiator. Mrs Lowry ran to the wall, bent down and picked it up.
'Is this your purse, Julie?'
'Yes!' said Julie.
'Remind me how much was in it'.
'A five-pound note'. Mrs Lowry opened the purse.
'Thank goodness for that', she said.
'Julie, here you are.
'David, I'd like to talk to you outside, please. The rest of you just sit quietly until I return'.
Mrs Lowry and David stood silently outside the door. She looked at him sadly.
'I'm waiting,David', she said eventually.
'What for, Mrs Lowry?'
'For an explanation'.
'What do you mean ?'
Tears were already beginning to well up in his eyes. 'I'm not stupid, David. Don't think I am. I want you to tell me exactly what you did and why you did it. If you do that, it'll go no further, I promise'.
'I didn't do anything! I saw the purse and I called you in'.
'I don't think your parents are going to believe that, are they? Do you want them to know you're a thief?'
'Im not a thief! I'm not! ' He wiped his eyes with his sleeve.
'How can I make you believe me?'
A15 The children's faces showed that they
1) were going to remain silent for a long time.
2) were scared of having things stolen.
3) knew exactly what Mrs Lowry would do.
4) were aware how serious the theft was.
A16 Mrs Lowry said that, if the purse wasn't returned, she would have to
1) punish all of the children.
2) tell their parents.
3) tell the head teacher.
4) inform the police.
A17 Mrs Lowry was confident that
1) the purse would be returned during the lunch break.
2) she knew who had taken Julie's purse.
3) the police would be able to solve the crime.
4) the thief was really a good person.
A18 After lunch, Mrs Lowry wanted to make certain that
1) Julie's purse had been stolen.
2) Julie's purse was still missing.
3) Elizabeth hadn't taken the purse.
4) Julie's purse did have money in it.
A19 Mrs Lowry showed she was relieved that
1) it was actually Julie's purse.
2) Julie's money was still in the purse.
3) it was David who had found the purse.
4) Julie hadn't had more money in the purse.
A20 In the corridor with David, Mrs Lowry
1) asked David to explain why he was crying.
2) realised how sad he was about what had happened.
3) felt very sorry that David had to experience this.
4) was hoping that David would confess to the crime.
A21 Mrs Lowry made it clear to David that
1) she'd definitely tell his parents he was a thief.
2) she knew why he had stolen Julie's purse.
3) she would not tell anyone if he confessed.
4) his crying would not change anything.
Раздел 3 Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4-В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10.
B4 Would you like to go to the Moon? The Moon is about 385,000 kilometres away from …………WE here on Earth.
B5 It's much ………… SMALL than the Earth, and is not really a planet.
B6 It's a 'satellite' of Earth. This means it ………… GO round the Earth.
B7 Before 1969, humans ………… NEVER BE able to get to the Moon.
B8 Then, on July 20th, the spacecraft Apollo 11 ………… LAND on the Earth's only satellite.
B9 The world watched with excitement as the first humans…………WALK on the Moon's surface.
B10 However, the last time anyone ………… STAND on the surface of the Moon was in 1972.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11-В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.
The Russian writer Anton Chekhov, who was born in 1860 and died in 1904, has made an enormous contribution to modern literature.
B11 His success was a remarkable ……………… ACHIEVE , and came despite the fact that Chekhov's family lived in severe
B12 poverty for much of his……………… CHILD. Chekhov's works have had a great influence on 20th century literature
B13 in many ways, particularly in terms of ……………… EMOTION expression, plot and narrative structure,
B14 and character………………DEVELOP .
Even today, more than a hundred years after his death,
B15 Chekhov's stories are ……………… EXTREME popular all over the world and major new
B16 ………………PRODUCE of his plays are frequently mounted, to great success.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22-А28. Эти номера ветствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
I had only been at university for a few hours when the enormity of it finally dawned on me: I was now independent. Having lived at home with my parents all my life up until that day, I had often dreamed of the freedom that living A22 ………………. yourself gives you. There's no one to tell you when to go to bed, when to get up, what to do, what not to do. Now, though, I felt the responsibility weighing down on me. True, there was no one giving me rules to obey, but there was also no one to A23 ………………. on but myself. If I didn't remember to go to the supermarket, there wouldn't be any food in the flat. If I didn't budget correctly, there wouldn't be Mum or Dad nearby to lend me some money. If I didn't pay the bills on time, the electricity or water would be A24 ………………. off. It was a frightening feeling, and I prayed I would be able to deal with adult life in a in a mature enough way.
Over the next days and weeks, I began to realise how much I still had to learn. How could I have A25 ………………. to the age of eighteen without ever having ironed my own shirt? Was that laziness on my part ('Mum, can you iron a shirt for me?'), or had my parents and teachers failed to provide me with the skills I now needed? Whichever it was, I quickly had to learn. And learn I did - partly through trial and error, and partly A26 ………………. to the help of the new friends I was making. Many of them were in a similar situation, but we each had different skills to share. I could show them how to cook a tasty spaghetti Bolognese – a A27 ………………. every student should be able to prepare - and they could teach me how to light a gas oven or defrost a fridge. When I went home for Christmas, I sensed that my parents were a little surprised that I had A28 ………………. to survive so well. I didn't admit it, but I felt extremely proud of all I'd accomplished so far.
A22 1) or 2) by 3) with 4) on
A23 1) follow 2) believe 3) rely 4) trust
A24 1) cut 2)taken 3) set 4) stopped
A25 1) reached 2) got 3) arrived 4) appeared
A26 1) recognition 2) praise 3) credit 4) thanks
A27 1) dish 2) plate 3) portion 4) serving
A28 1) managed 2) succeeded 3) achieved 4) handled
Раздел 4 Письмо
Для ответов на задания CI, C2 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №2. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ №2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объема текста. Тексты недостаточного объема, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объем — не оцениваются. При заполнении БЛАНКА ОТВЕТОВ №2 вы указываете сначала номер задания С1, С2, а потом пишите свой ответ. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать другую сторону бланка.
You have 20 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Jackie, who writes:
I want to go on holiday with my friends, but my parents won't let me. They say I'm not old enough? but I'm fifteen! Why are they treatining me so badly? What age do you think parents should let their go on holiday without them? What would you do in my situation. As for my other news, I found an injured bird in the garden yesterday.
Write a letter to Jackie. In your letter:
• answer her questions
• ask 3 questions about her new house
Write 100-140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
You have 40 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.
The car has become the most popular means of transport in the history of the world. However, some people say that the world would be better off without cars.
Do you think the world would be better off without cars?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
1. Make an introduction (state the problem).
2. Express your personal opinion and give reasons for it.
3. Give arguments for the other point of vi and explain why you don't agree with it.
4. Draw a conclusion.
Раздел 5 Говорение
С3 STUDENT CARD
Вы получите карточку, на которой представлены два задания для устного ответа: С3 — тематическое монологическое высказывание, С4 — диалог с целью обмена оценочной информацией. Окончание выполнения каждого задания определяет экзаменатор. Во время едения этой части экзамена идет постоянная аудиозапись вашего ответа.
Task 1 (3-3.5 minutes)
Give a 2-minute talk on the weekend.
Remember to say:
what you usually do at the weekend
whether there's anything you don't like about the weekend
which people you like to spend time with at the weekend, and why
what your 'perfect weekend' is like
You have to talk for 1.5-2 minutes.
The examiner will listen until you have finished.
Then he or she will ask you some questions.