БИЛЕТ 8 ЕГЭ
Раздел 1 Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
1. It’s difficult but satisfying to create small models of large things.
2. Finding and keeping unusual and special items is an enjoyable pastime.
3. All you need are two simple, common items to practise this hobby.
4. Photographing beautiful moments in nature takes some time and care.
5. Making films at home is actually more difficult than it sounds.
6. With this hobby, you can make beautiful accessories from natural materials.
7. This hobby involves making something you can use in the bathroom.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A Darren got his back support band from the hospital.
В Darren went to hospital in an ambulance.
С Darren has never had a back problem from lifting things before.
D Sonias uncle takes medication for his back problem.
E Darren doesn’t intend to lift heavy objects again.
F Sonia suggests using a different part of the body to lift things.
G Darren thinks his excuse for hurting his back was reasonable.
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3 How did Капа end up living in Japan?
1) Her parents urged her to move with them.
2) She followed her parents when they moved.
3) She and her parents moved there when she was a child.
4 Kana’s first experience with a cat cafe ...
1) was in Taiwan.
2) was in Japan.
3) was in the late nineties.
5 How did cat cafes become so popular?
1) Cats are very common pets in Japan.
2) Japanese people don’t like having pets at home.
3) People miss having cats as pets.
6 All of Kana’s cats ...
1) were unwell at one point.
2) came from good homes.
3) were living on the streets.
7 What do Japanese cat cafe owners have to do?
1) Acquire a licence.
2) Have a veterinary nurse working on site.
3) Employ professional cat groomers.
8 Kana says when a new cat first meets the others, they...
1) often fight with one another.
2) always get on fine.
3) might have a problem initially.
9 What happens when children enter Kana’s cafe?
1) She talks to the children about the cats first.
2) She lets the children get used to the cats on their own.
3) She keeps the children away from the cats.
Раздел 2 Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1-8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Online community 5. Unhelpful friends
2. Travel safety 6. Nature’s enemy
3. Friend turned enemy 7. Online trouble
4. Social network safety 8. Helping the community
A. Have you ever had a friend who asks for favours all the time, but rarely gives them in return? They don’t think twice about asking you to do something for them, and whenever you bring up the problem, they brush it off as if it’s no big deal. Or they say that’s what friends are for, to help one another. It’s then that you realise they’re not much of a friend.
B. Joining a neighbourhood clean-up effort is an inspiring thing to do. It’s a direct way of making a difference in your world, and it helps improve your living standards. It’s also a great opportunity for getting to know the people who live near you, which might be useful when you’re in need, and vice versa. If your neighbourhood doesn’t do this sort of thing, now’s the time to start.
C. If you’ve ever had your identity stolen, you’re not alone. It happens to millions of people every year, and thieves gain millions of pounds from the activity. It often happens because a hacker has broken into our accounts by way of a computer virus we accidentally downloaded. If it happens to you, make sure you let your banks know to get your bank cards cancelled, and tell the police.
D. Belonging to a social network is a useful pastime. It gives us an opportunity to share our thoughts and news with a like-minded group of individuals all at once. We can even meet new people who either agree with our ideas or contribute to a constructive debate. It’s entertaining to read everyone’s posts, which are sometimes funny but can also be thought-provoking, or maybe even sad. It’s a useful experience nonetheless.
E. Whenever you go abroad, you must keep an eye on your belongings. You don’t want to become a victim of pick-pocketing. A useful tip is to place your money in your front pocket, as it’s less likely to be stolen there. It’s also wise to have your passport put away safely, or kept inside your jacket. Keep things zipped up, and never leave a bag unattended.
F. When we discard plastic items carelessly, an animal may find it and have an unfortunate incident. For example, the plastic rings that go round a six-pack of drinks cans can get stuck round a small animals neck. The animal might wear that piece of plastic for the rest of its life, or until someone comes along and removes it. We really should be mindful of where we throw things.
G. It’s a terrible feeling when you realise someone close to you is saying bad things about you behind your back. You feel humiliated and angry on learning the truth, that someone you trusted isn’t trustworthy at all. You confront them about it, and they deny ever saying anything. An argument may follow, but eventually you decide that this isn’t the kind of person you want to spend time with.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1 -7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
Indian food in the UK
The British have had a close relationship with Indian food for centuries. The colonial ties between India and the UK began in the early 1600s, A ________.
In the late 1700s it wasn’t uncommon to see coffee houses serving curries alongside traditional British meals. The first dedicated Indian restaurant opened its doors in London in 1809, although it struggled due to peoples preferences to eat at home during that period. The owner ended up closing its doors after about three decades of service В ________ .
When Queen Victoria staffed her kitchen with Indian cooks, popularity for the cuisine really took off. Cookbooks taught British homemakers how С _______ .
There was then a cooling-off period tor this spicy fare. A revolt in India against British rule in 1857 meant curry wouldn’t be so fashionable for a while. In the years after that, its popularity would ebb and flow, and by the late 1800s, D _______ .
In the early 20th century, many people from the Indian subcontinent were migrating to Britain, and they bought up some of the run-down restaurants and transformed them into curry houses. Aware of peoples eating habits, Bangladeshi restaurateurs stayed open until late into the evening E ________. Soon enough, Indian food was popular again.
Today, there are hundreds of Indian restaurants across the UK. Some dishes have been modified to a certain extent, such as British versions which introduce beef into the recipe, F ________. Overall, the cuisine has become such a mainstay of the British diet that chicken tikka masala is referred to as a national dish.
1. French rather than Indian cooking was popular in British kitchens
2. an ingredient rarely used in India because many sub-cultures don t allow it
3. due to some versions of Indian cuisine becoming popular for breakfast
4. due to the struggle of paying his bills while suffering from a lack of business
5. and the British soldiers in India craved the food when they returned home
6. to catch people when they were returning home from a night out
7. to make the most flavourful Indian dishes in their own homes
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12-18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
When the lead actor for whom I was an understudy fell terribly ill with pneumonia the night before the opening of our play, I should have felt awful for her. I did, in a way. Not so much because she was ill - I was sure she'd pull through - but because it must have been gut-wrenching to have rehearsed for so many moons, as we all had, only to be struck with such disappointment.
I know how this already appears to you: I was happy that she had fallen ill. After all, this was my golden opportunity to shine as the star of the production, and the way to fulfil my dreams of becoming an acting legend. I was going to seize the day and steal her thunder, never mind that we were friends and that I owed so much to her, what with her helping me get the role of her understudy in the first place. (It was very generous of her to put my name forward; she knew that I might one day take her place. Her attitude was always Tf someone can do it as well as me, let them do it.' I admired her for that.)
Naturally, I had always hoped for a big break in theatre, to get to actually perform at the centre of the production, rather than just remain on the sidelines. Most people don't quite realise the kind of effort an understudy puts into a production. I'm not only learning the roles of the master, I’ve also got my own minor part to excel at. I must learn more lines than anyone else, well, except for the understudy for the male lead, who was my kindred spirit, the one I could console and be consoled by.
But if I felt any happiness about Annette's misfortune, it was unbeknown to me. In truth, when I heard the news about her ill health, less than a day before the opening night, nothing could have kept my heart from sinking into my stomach. Naturally, I had poured every effort into perfecting the role in case such a thing might ever happen, but I had somehow felt a bit of comfort in knowing that I wouldn’t be the star just yet. I felt I still needed some time to develop my craft, and what better way to do that than to practise in my minor role. That comfort all disappeared in an instant. I felt a bit weak at the knees, actually, and I had to struggle to put on a brave face when the director told me it was I who would be playing Lady Macbeth.
I basically had less than twenty-four hours to prepare myself to be the star of the show. It wasn’t as if I hadn't thought about it before, but possibility versus reality is a different story altogether. I was really and truly going to be in the lead. And furthermore, how many people were coming to see the performance because they adored Annette? What would be going through their minds when the director announced that Julie Hardy would be playing her role? Would I have to endure a round of faint sighs? I would be grateful not to see their faces, and I ’d probably have my ears covered when the announcement was made.
Luckily, I was surrounded by a supportive cast, who cheered me on. They must have assumed I’d be nervous, despite my attempts to hide it. Of course, if I couldn’t pretend that I was in control and ready to shine, how good an actor would I really be?
12 In what way did the author sympathise with the lead actor?
1) She was mainly concerned about her illness. 2) She worried that the actor may never perform again.
3) She felt it must be hard to accept the situation. 4) She felt the actor had been put under too much pressure.
13 The expression ‘steal her thunder’ in the second paragraph means ...
1) take a possession. 3) take someone’s glory.
2) make someone feel bad about something. 4) make a strong impression.
14 What does the author say about her preparations as an understudy?
1) The duties are largely unappreciated by others.
2) There is no one there to share the pain with.
3) She has to learn the role better than the actor she’s replacing.
4) She’s not required to do anything other than learn the main role.
15 Before the author learnt she would be playing the lead, she ...
1) never thought the day would come. 2) hoped the day would never come.
3) did everything she could to prepare for it. 4) tried to get other roles in the play.
16 What happened when the director broke the news to the author?
1) She lost her strength and balance. 2) She made a terrible face.
3) She expressed that she didn’t think she was ready. 4) She was overcome with joy.
17 ‘It’ in ‘I hadn’t thought about it before’ in the fifth paragraph refers to ...
1) the role of Lady Macbeth. 2) being centre stage.
3) backing out of a commitment. 4) remembering her lines.
18 What concerned the author about the announcement?
1) What her fellow actors would think 2) What the director thought.
3) What the audience would think. 4) What the director would actually say.
Раздел 3 Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19-25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19-25.
Imperial Porcelain Factory
19 The Imperial Porcelain factory has been making fine porcelain in Russia for centuries. The factory, founded in 1744, was Empress Elizabeth’s idea with the aim of______________________ CREATE a centre of excellence in Russian ceramic art.
20 After Empress Elizabeth, consecutive monarchs kept the factory busy with orders and allowed it to produce the ______________________ FINE quality porcelain and ceramic plates, vases, tea sets and the like.
21 In the 1940s, the factory began to produce its famous cobalt net pattern, which consisted of intersecting lines of deep blue forming a geometric pattern on a white background. The edges of the dishes______________________ HIGHLIGHT in exquisite 22-karat gold.
22 Peter called into his favourite burger shop on his way home from college one day. He didn’t realise he was out of cash until after he ______________________ ORDER his meal.
23 The bill came to £4.99, and luckily, the burger shop accepted bank cards, so he paid with his card and went home. He______________________ EAT his burger while he was watching TV, and then he went about the rest of his day.
24 A couple of weeks later, Peter noticed a £499 charge on his bank statement. ‘This charge can’t be ______________________ POSSIBILITY I haven’t used my card for anything that expensive,’ Peter said aloud.
25 He saw the words ‘Burger Hut’ alongside the amount, so he called his bank and explained the situation. ‘It does seem strange that someone ______________________ SPEND that much money in a burger shop,’ the bank employee said, and he agreed to correct the charge.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26-31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26-31.
26 Apps are those little computer programs we use on our mobile phones and other small devices. The word app’ is an abbreviation for software ______________________ APPLY.
27 Apps have been very popular since the rise of smartphones. There are apps for banking transactions, weather forecasts, video games, maps, calendars and other forms of data ______________________ MANAGE.
28 Many apps are available free of charge, or are at least ______________________ EXPENSIVE. Some apps with more sophisticated features can cost quite a bit of money, however.
29 An estimated 102 billion apps were downloaded in 2013, proving that the general public’s______________________ REACT to apps has been positive.
30 Some apps are quite amazing, such as one that can tell you what song is playing in a restaurant or cafe. Others are ______________________ POSITIVE strange - there’s an app that makes a whistling sound that only a dog can hear!
31 When a software company releases a new app, it’s often a ______________________ MASS event. Celebrities make appearances and loads of fans queue up to get a glimpse of them, and perhaps check out the app, too.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Leon and friends
Leon has known his friends for years. He can talk with them about anything, and they rarely disagree 32 _______ one another.
One day, however, he and his friend Jarrod got into a terrible argument over sport. Leon was quite surprised, actually, because the argument got so bad that Jarrod 33 _______ out of his house. Leon had never been so upset in his life.
A week went by and they hadn’t spoken to one another. Leon told his other friends what had happened. but they hadn’t seen Jarrod in a while. Leon guessed he had to be the one to 34 _______ out to him.
He decided to visit Jarrod’s house and meet him face-to-face. He knew they had to speak eventually and he didn’t want to 35 ______ the agony. But no one answered the door when he rang. Confused, Leon thought he would just leave a note. ‘I’m sorry we got into an argument the other day Please, let’s talk soon,’ he wrote.
Later that night, Leon received a call from Jarrod. Strangely, Jarrod tried to 36 ______ that it wasn’t a big deal. ‘But you got up and left my house. You nearly ran out!’ replied Leon.
‘Sorry, I guess I just let my emotions get the 37 ______ of me. It was really stupid. Forgive me', said Jarrod.
That was all Leon needed to hear, and the two of them laid the incident to 38 ______ .
32 1) to 2) about 3) over 4) with
33 1) blew 2) stormed 3) flooded 4) rained
34 1) touch 2) catch 3) pull 4) reach
35 1) prolong 2) extend 3) lengthen 4) stretch
36 1) play 2) imagine 3) fake 4) pretend
37 1) bad 2) good 3) better 4) worse
38 1) rest 2) sleep 3) break 4) nap
Раздел 4 Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Lisa, who writes:
We were talking in class about communication. I was wondering how you communicate with people in your country. How do you communicate with friends when they re not round? What do you think of video phone calls? What s an interesting way you ve seen a message communicated?
In other news. I ve just got my driving licence ...
Write a letter to Lisa.
In your letter:
• answer her questions
• ask 3 questions about her new house
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
Graffiti is an art form that should be respected and admired.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
• express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
• explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
• make a conclusion restating your position
Раздел 5 Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you w ant to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
A new study shows that children can remember faces they saw when they were just twelve months old.
The two-and-a-half year study was conducted by two male scientists of equal age. It was done by a very simple method. Families with one-year-olds brought their children to meet one of the researchers. He spent forty-five minutes with the children. They did not meet his colleague. Then, when the children were three and a half, they revisited the research facility. They were shown photographs of both men. The children focused on the man they didn’t recognise. Their tendency was to study the stranger’s face, as children often do when they meet new people.
The children couldn’t say how they knew the familiar face. The study, however, demonstrated that even as babies, our memories function remarkably well.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering attending the grand opening of the shop and now you are calling to find ou: more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) types of clothes
2) special offers
3) if they sell kids’ clothing
4) if they accept credit cards
5) nearest free parking
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
Imagine that some years ago you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• when you took the photo
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you took the photo
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: I ’ve chosen photo number...
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs: