БИЛЕТ 6 ЕГЭ
Раздел 1 Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
1. You need to take your time when you have a meal.
2. We must be careful when eating oily or sugary food.
3. Your day should start off right - healthy, nutritious and satisfying.
4. Three meals a day is all the food you really need.
5. Most dieticians discourage a diet heavy in meat.
6. You should never go to bed with a heavy meal in your stomach.
7. Some dieticians recommend eating several small meals a day.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A Joanna doesn’t have a problem understanding maths.
В Joanna doesn’t have a problem understanding maths.
С Peter suggests Joanna does all her studying the night before the exam
D Joanna often doesn’t have the energy to study at night.
E Joanna will be happy if she gets a B.
F Peter is taking a similar exam to Joanna’s.
G Peter and Joanna will study together for an hour.
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3 Randall says that readers these days ...
1) are taking a new interest in paper books.
2) are only interested in digital publishing.
3) want a hassle-free way to buy books.
4 Why is Randall’s company meeting with gaming professionals?
1) His company will stop publishing books.
2) His company wants to keep up with competitors.
3) His company needs help with digitising their books.
5 Randall says books for learning that incorporate games ...
1) are a completely new idea.
2) are less educational.
3) will be more attractive to kids.
6 According to Randall, what pushes publishers to innovate?
7 The publisher held a writing seminar ...
1) to attract interest from book buyers.
2) to bring new writers and agents together.
3) to help existing writers develop their skills.
8 What is causing problems for the publishing world?
1) Companies resist making any sort of changes.
2) Some people just aren’t interested in books.
3) No one seems to have time for books any more.
9 The new website Randall mentions ...
1) will sell books exclusively from his company.
2) aims to generate interest in small bookshops.
3) allows authors to sell books directly to consumers
Раздел 2 Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1-8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Managing your diet 5. Out of business
2. Profitable for business 6. Good housekeeping
3. Change of taste 7. Staying organised
4. Managing your finances 8. Change of climate
A. If you’re looking for investment opportunities, there are various money magazines that can help you put your money in the right place. Everyone wants to make the most of their hard-earned cash and no one can afford to lose it all on a bad trading venture. If you read up on the financial industry and seize on the good trends, you’ll be laughing all the way to the bank.
B. Staying in a hotel isn’t always luxurious, but it should at least be clean. No one likes using a basin or shower that’s got a bit of dirt in it, and bed sheets should be fresh and well-made. Even if the room starts off clean, it can soon become messy if the maid service doesn’t come every day. Every hotel should been kept neat and in good order.
C. If you’ve ever had to move to the other side of the world, you’ll know it can take a long while to adjust, especially to simple things like the weather. If you’re used to experiencing four distinct seasons in the year, then you move to the tropics, you might find yourself missing the snow. Naturally, if you hated snow in the first place, the warm weather would be a welcome experience.
D. Some people have to watch what they eat because their system simply won’t allow them to tolerate some things. For example, there are people who are allergic to dairy products, so they must avoid milk and anything made from it. Other people are prone to high cholesterol, so they have to avoid meat a bit more often than others. Anyone who suffers from a wheat allergy has to avoid certain breads.
E. Hotels have to modernise just like everything else. Why go on holiday and stay in a place that makes you feel as though you’ve stepped back into the 1970s? It may be clean and professionally staffed, but it’s not nice to look at orange curtains or flowery carpets. If a hotel spends a little money and updates its image, people will be more likely to stay there and come back.
F. There are many difficult things about moving, especially when it comes to unpacking. It’s helpful if you’ve got every box labelled, but still, if you’ve just moved in and you’re in a hurry for something, it can be quite frustrating trying to find it. You have to stop and think, 'Where did I put it?’ It’s probably best to get everything unpacked straight away and put it in the right place.
G. If a company is not doing well, perhaps it’s wise to hire an advisor. This person can tell the directors how much they should be spending on one or more expenses, and how they can better organise their company. After all, a company can’t continue to succeed if it’s not able to hold onto the money that comes into it.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1 -7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
Early 20th century art movements made a sharp break from the artistic styles of the previous century. One such movement gave us the term 'avant-garde’, A ________.
During this period in Russian culture, the architect Konstantin Melnikov established himself within the avant-garde movement. Born in Moscow in 1890, he started out as an icon painter. A chance meeting with famous engineer Vladimir M. Chaplin, who asked Melnikov to work for him, gave him his golden opportunity in life. Chaplin was so impressed with Melnikov’s abilities В ________.
After twelve years of study, Melnikov began designing buildings in the neoclassical style before moving on to more contemporary work. He was selected to design the Soviet pavilion at the 1925 Paris Exposition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Art. His pavilion was widely considered one of the most progressive buildings at the exposition. Constructed using the most efficient methods, С _______ .
In the late 1920s Melnikov designed a series of garages. A feature of the design allowed for slanted parking, in which a vehicle would pull in diagonally D _______ . The floors of the garage were shaped like a parallelogram and the exterior was given an avant-garde appearance.
Melnikov later designed a number of buildings used by workers’ unions. He included the use of overhangs, E ________. This gave a building a very dramatic appearance that seemingly defied gravity.
Melnikovs private residence has become one of his masterpieces. The property consists of two wide cylindrical towers which have been stuck together. The biggest room features 38 hexagonal-shaped windows, F ________.
1. which are structures that extend from higher floors out beyond the lower ones
2. and his style often did not conform to any precise rules of architecture
3. giving the house an unusual exterior appearance while allowing light to flood the interior
4. and then be able to leave the space by simply pulling out
5. which today is used to describe anything experimental and progressive
6. it was built in only four weeks by just ten workers
7. that he funded his education at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12-18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
It wasn’t my first interview by any means, but I had never wanted a job as much as I wanted this one. For years I had been floating from one job to the next, not sure of what I wanted to do in life but needing some way to afford living on my own. I had filled many temporary positions and a few permanent ones, or at least ones that the employers considered to be permanent, even though I didn’t think of them in that way I had met many interesting people and made a few friends, but I’d never felt that Id found a post that suited me. Interestingly enough, many of the friends I’d made along the journey felt the same way.
I had worked in a restaurant serving food, in an insurance office reviewing people’s claims, at a PR firm thinking of ways to impress important people, and even on a construction site building homes. An odd set of skills you might think, and none of them really appropriate for the job I was going for now - forest conservation. This was an area I’d been passionate about as a teenager, but didn’t think I could ever make a living from. Now I’d decided to give it a chance. Some of the skills I’d picked up along the way had even been in direct conflict with it, such as the pounding of nails into wood. Those poor trees! Now I’d be in charge of saving them. Well, I hoped I would be anyway.
I’d done a lot of preparation for this one interview, this one shot at fulfilling my destiny. I tried not to be too dramatic - naturally there were other interviews to be had, or so I had to think, to take some of the pressure oft. I had searched for this job for over a year, even considering moving across the country, onlv to decide to wait until something came up round here. It wasn’t easy to get your foot in the door in this line of work. And not just anyone could do it, hence my two years of graduate work.
There was no telling how many other people were vying for this position. The number of CVs that office received must have been in the hundreds. It’s tough finding a job these days, let alone the job you want. But we mustn’t let things like that stop us from getting what we want out of life. I’ve resigned myself to believing that if there’s something you really want, you have to really focus on getting it, and that means blocking out discouraging thoughts. I had to believe that the job was mine, despite the pain I might have to endure if I didn’t get it.
I imagined the interviewers to be a great bunch of guys. Here they were, doing what they loved to do. Certainly there was gratification to be found in any job, even in the jobs I mentioned before. But dignity and self-respect depend on your own view of life, and how you see yourself as a benefit to the world. And of course, what you feel would satisfy you the most personally.
So I would do my best to convey these feelings during the hour or so I had with the directors, and cross my fingers for a call back. I suppose everyone passing through their doors would be doing the same thing, but if I could express my deepest passion for preserving forests, which I’ve realised was my destiny all along, surely I would be doing myself the biggest favour.
12 What did the author say he’d had trouble with in previous posts?
1) Making close friends. 2) Getting a decent salary.
3) Finding job satisfaction. 4) Satisfying his bosses
13 The author says his job in construction ...
1) helped prepare him for future work. 2) had nothing in common with his future work plans.
3) shared at least one characteristic with his future job. 4) might have been the job he always wanted.
14 The expression ‘get your foot in the door’ in the third paragraph refers to ...
1) getting educated. 2) obtaining your first job.
3) making a decision. 4) searching for something
15 What does ‘that’ in ‘we mustn’t let things like that stop us’ in the fourth paragraph refer to?
1) Unemployment. 2) The author’s CV.
3) The authors beliefs. 4) The pressures the author faced.
16 What did the author plan to ignore?
1) What the job might be like. 2) Anything that might make him feel bad.
3) What might happen during the interview. 4) What the interviewers might be like.
17 For the author, self-respect...
1) can come from any job. 2) can only come from a job in forestry.
3) comes from believing you’re making the world a better place 4) only comes to certain people.
18 What does the author think about the other interviewees?
1) They cant want the job as much as he does. 2) They will be using the same techniques as him to get the job.
3) They will be relying on luck alone. 4) They won’t spend as much time with the interviewers as he will
Раздел 3 Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19-25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19-25.
Listening to the radio
19 Many of us get our news and entertainment from television and the Internet. You might be surprised to learn, then, that people who listen to the radio are much happier than ______________________ THAT people who use the other media outlets.
20 It makes perfect sense when you think about it. Television and the Internet offer entertainment, but negative activity ______________________ INCLUDE in the mix as well. We sometimes see saddening news reports, and we do tedious things online, such as check account balances.
21 With radio, people listen to it because they want to feel good. It seems that in recent years we______________________ FORGET about the joy radio gives us because we focus on television and the Internet so much.
22 Leslie was under a lot of pressure at work. Her boss wasn’t certain that she would get everything done, but she reassured him by saying, ‘I promise you, the project ______________________ COMPLETE on Friday.’
23 The truth was it would take a miracle to finish the work by then. She thought about asking her boss for more time, but as she ______________________ PROMISE it on Friday she felt it was too late to ask now.
24 On Thursday, when Leslie was stressed the most, she ______________________ BREAK her ankle while she was climbing some stairs, and she had to go to hospital immediately.
25 She thought it might be the ‘break’ she needed. But while she was happy to get out of work, she______________________ NOT LOOK forward to wearing a cast on her leg for two months.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26-31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26-31.
A friendlier London
26 A group of people in London are trying to get their fellow citizens to open up and chat with one another more often. They've embarked on a campaign called ‘Talk to me London, because the city has been accused of being ______________________ FRIEND.
27 The idea is to change the perception of London. The founders of the ______________________ MOVE believe talking is something we all love to do, but many people are afraid to talk to people they don’t know.
28 The group behind ‘Talk to me London is a collection of people from ______________________ VARY backgrounds, such as business, design, media and other fields. Their work on the project is voluntary.
29 The project has attracted some attention in the press. Some people find it to be a pleasant idea, but others have dismissed the idea ______________________ ENTIRE. They say they moved to London so that they wouldn’t have to talk to people!
30 Of course, one of the benefits of living in a big city is that you can remain anonymous. However, by rarely talking to anyone, you risk suffering from ______________________ LONELY.
31 Perhaps some people will appreciate the campaign and give life to it. After all, it shouldn’t be such a challenging task to talk to ______________________ STRANGE.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Bradley Jones, Artist Wannabe
Bradley had always wanted to be an artist. It was something he'd fantasised 32 _______ , but had never really explored. He decided, though, that he could still try.
He wanted to enrol in a painting class at a local college, but he ran into a problem. £You have to take our design and drawing courses first,’ the administrator told him. Luckily it wasn’t too late to take those courses, but it meant that Bradley would have to 33 _______ aside twice as much time per week as he’d intended. Nevertheless, he was excited to learn the skills.
His design course proved to be challenging, but manageable. The drawing course, however, 34 _______ off easily but soon became frustrating. In the fourth week, the participants had to draw one another.
Bradley drew a portrait of his classmate, Nicole. He 35 ______ intensely at her face, trying to draw the nose, eyes and cheeks correctly but the portrait ended up looking more like that of an orang-utan. I'm sorry you look much nicer than that!’ he said.
'It’s OK,’ Nicole replied, showing Bradley her drawing. He was relieved to see that her portrait of him looked like the orang-utan’s brother. ‘Looks as if getting facial 36 ______ correct is trickier than we thought,’ she joked.
While frustrated at times, Bradley persisted 37 ______ his artwork.
By the end of the courses, he had some accomplishments proudly 38 ______ in his home, and others that were tossed into the recycling bin.
32 1) above 2) about 3) across 4) around
33 1) make 2) take 3) place 4) put
34 1) opened 2) entered 3) began 4) started
35 1) observed 2) stared 3) glanced 4) browsed
36 1) features 2) elements 3) marks 4) traits
37 1) of 2) on 3) with 4) to
38 1) stated 2) displayed 3) positioned 4) located
Раздел 4 Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Vivien, who writes:
... my old laptop has finally reached the end of its days! I'm going to buy a new one this weekend, and I wanted to ask your opinion about them. What's the most important thing you think about when you buy a new computer? What's the most common thing you do on a computer? What do you dislike about computers, if anything?
By the way, I came first in my tennis tournament last week ...
Write a letter to Vivian.
In your letter:
• answer her questions
• ask 3 questions about her new house
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
The production and sale of genetically-modified food should be banned.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
• express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
• explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
• make a conclusion restating your position
Раздел 5 Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you w ant to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Solar panels are a commonly used form of technology which harness power from the sun. They work by converting sunlight into electricity. However, most solar panels only convert about 20% ot the incoming energy. This is because they can only capture certain wavelengths of light.
Advances are being made in the field of solar panel technology. Recently a solar cell was manufactured that can convert almost 45% of the rays’ energy. The panel consists of different layers of material, and each layer can absorb a certain wavelength of light. The panels also have lenses, which magnify the power of the sunlight. As the sunlight passes through the layers, it strikes conductors, which create electrical fields. These electrical fields produce a current of electricity.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering renting this flat and you would like to get more information
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) monthly rent
2) number of bedrooms
3) if there have been recent renovations
4) distance to nearest public transport
5) move-in date
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
Imagine that some years ago you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• when you took the photo
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you took the photo
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: I ’ve chosen photo number...
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs: