БИЛЕТ 5 ЕГЭ
Раздел 1 Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
1. Sadly, many forests are cut down so that homes can be built.
2. In some ways, people can help a forest grow.
3. An unattended fire is a forests worst enemy.
4. We should try to avoid sacrificing forests for farmland.
5. Whatever you bring into the forest must leave with you.
6. A persons wooden furniture was once an animal’s home.
7. Eco-tourism can raise money to protect forests and the species that live in them.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A Rob did a lot of walking during his trip to Paris.
В Jessica didn’t go to Paris with Rob because of her job.
С Jessica has moved house many times before.
D Rob didn’t have to wait in a queue to climb the stairs.
E Rob used the lift to get back down from the tower.
F Rob visited several places the day he visited the Louvre.
G Jessica will try to convince her parents to take her to Paris.
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3 As a personal shopper, Lisa needs to know ...
1) how clothes should be cared for.
2) how much clients spend on clothes.
3) what clothes her clients have bought before.
4 What is Lisa’s job situation like?
1) She works for only one client.
2) She is employed at one shop only.
3) She is in charge of gift buying.
5 For an appointment with a personal shopper, clients have to ...
1) pay a set charge for the service.
2) call the shop to book.
3) be available for around 90 minutes.
6 How does Lisa seem to feel about the role of a salesperson?
1) She simply says it’s not her job.
2) She looks down upon the role.
3) She admires the work they do.
7 The majority of Lisa’s recommendations are ...
1) based on a person’s body type.
2) for people with high-powered jobs.
3) for people who like going out a lot.
8 How does Lisa convince difficult clients to try new styles?
1) She suggests they get a second opinion from another personal shopper.
2) She recommends that they change their hair colour and make-up.
3) She makes them put new clothes on and have a look.
9 The male personal shopper says that ...
1) he has few male clients making appointments.
2) men are easy-going about trying new styles.
3) men often know a lot about the clothes they wear.
Раздел 2 Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1-8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Free entry 5. Wild crowd
2. A bad decision 6. Empty seats
3. Sore loser 7. Accidents happen
4. Chance participant 8. Thrilling match
A. For sports fans, attending a sporting event is often an amazing experience. They get to shout and cheer for their team amongst a huge group of like-minded supporters. But then there are those rare moments, in a baseball game, for example, when the hitter knocks the ball into the stands. That’s why some spectators bring gloves, in the rare event that they become part of the game.
B. People like different sports for different reasons. Most fans of tennis talk about how it’s filled with a lot of action. If you’ve got two great tennis legends playing, watching them hit the ball back and forth across the net really holds your attention. You’re waiting for one of them to slip up, and you can’t take your eye off the ball!
C. For many people, visiting a stadium to see a game is not feasible within their schedule. Instead, they stay at home and watch it on the TV with a group of friends while they enjoy snacks and cheer for their team. Sometimes it seems as if too many people have had the same idea, so you’re watching your team play but you can’t help but notice there’s hardly anyone in the stands!
D. Occasionally you hear about this in the news - fans of a certain football team, who love their team seemingly more than life itself, get into huge fights with supporters of the other team. It often has a terrible ending, too. It’s hard to believe people can behave so stupidly sometimes. It’s enough to make you not want to visit a sporting event.
E. The whole idea of a competition is that someone wins, and someone doesn’t. But sometimes the latter person in that equation doesn’t take it too well. They throw a fit, and storm off the field or court. It doesn’t help the situation, and it looks very bad. If only they realised what fools they’re making of themselves, they might not behave that way.
F. Sporting events are really popular, and radio shows know this. That’s why they host programmes where you can call in for a chance to win tickets to your favourite match. Usually they ask some sort of trivia question, like who scored the winning goal in the last World Cup, for example. If you’re the first to call in and get the answer right - congratulations! You’re going to a football match!
G. It’s so frustrating when you’re watching your favourite team play and they get robbed of a goal. Take football, for example. Players have to get the ball past the line in front of the net. If the goalie stops the ball before it passes the line, the team won’t get the goal. What if the ball looks as if it crosses over, but the referee rules against your team? Oh, the anger!
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1 -7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
Leaning Big Ben
Is Big Ben becoming the British version of the Leaning Tower of Pisa? Surveys of the famous UK landmark in recent years have proven what can barely be seen by the naked eye. Although it is far smaller than the Tower of Pisa’s tilt of almost four degrees, Big Ben is A ________.
Officials in government seem to be brushing off concerns that the clock tower is in danger of collapsing. They may be right. Considering the tower in Pisa has been leaning for centuries and has yet to fall, В ________.
If anything, Big Bens ever-so-slight lean is a fascinating sight to see, if you can in fact notice it. An onlooker standing in Parliament Square looking head on at the tower might perceive an extremely minor lean to the left С _______ .
The government is not entirely unconcerned about the stability of the tower. However they state that, in light of extensive structural surveys of the building, no immediate risk is present, D _______ .
The tower is leaning in part due to the construction of an underground railway line beneath the structure as well as a car park. In fact, though, many buildings, regardless of what structures are underneath, undergo changes as they age. Most old buildings have a few cracks in them, and E ________.
This isn’t the first structural issue the tower has encountered in its over 150-year life. In 1976, the weights that control the workings of the clock snapped off and fell down the clock shaft. The clock actually exploded inside F ________. Luckily no one was hurt, as the accident happened at 4 am.
1. towards a faster, more economical way of repairing the tower
2. in fact, the Houses of Parliament are cracking a bit themselves
3. towards Bridge Street rather than towards the Houses of Parliament
4. and repairs took nearly nine months to be completed
5. meaning building reinforcements can wait until after the next elections
6. in fact leaning by about 0.26 degrees, according to reports
7. worrying about Big Ben’s immediate demise is likely to be a waste of energy
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12-18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Farm life for a city dweller
Alan had not spent much of his life on a farm. There had been short visits in the summers to his cousins’ farm in Devon, but he had never actually done any labour. He and his parents would stay for a couple of days, ride horses, have some nice meals and head back to London. His aunt had always said kindly and generously, ‘Why don’t you stay with us for the whole summer? We’ll teach you how to milk the cows.’ He would just chuckle and answer with a polite but mildly sarcastic response, ‘Oh, don’t tempt me, Aunt Jean.’
During his penultimate year at secondary school, he began to take more of an interest in nature. He decided that the upcoming summer would be the perfect opportunity to spend more time on the farm. He made the arrangements with his elated aunt and uncle, packed two months-worth of clothes and set off for the country.
Despite not having spent much time on a farm, Alan knew it would not be an easy experience. As a child he had noticed his aunt and uncle’s weathered hands. At the time he didn’t know why, but as he grew older he came to realise the reason. ‘That’s what farming does to you,’ his mum confirmed when he asked her about it.
Still, hard work aside, Alan was curious about all the various tasks a farm had to offer. He resisted the urge to behave like a tourist, even though he knew that after the two months had finished, he’d return to his privileged life in the city, where the most difficult manual labour was carrying a rucksack over his shoulder. But there were some things he wasn’t prepared for. Farming can be remarkably dirty work.
His aunt and uncle’s farm had a variety of animals to tend to, as well as an extensive vegetable garden. His aunt spent hours every day weeding the garden. It was not something that could be done in one day, or even one week. There was no end to the number of unwanted plants that grew alongside the wanted ones. But Alan spent more time with his uncle and the animals. The stables housed the horses, which, these days, were less like a second set of farm workers and more like pets, and there were fields of sheep, cattle and a chicken coop. He, his uncle and his cousin Fred would ride in his uncle’s lorry and unload bales of hay in the fields for the cows. They had to feed them, and the other animals, as often as they themselves needed to eat.
The feeding of animals, the collecting of chicken eggs from the coop, even the shearing of sheep was all child’s play, and was perhaps as deep into farm life as Alan wanted to venture. The holding pens had to be cleaned, though, and even worse was the sad fact about animal farming, which was that some animals weren’t long for this world. This particular aspect wasn’t something that Alan could muster the strength to endure. When the time came, he bowed out, feeling in the end more cowardly than sorrowful.
His uncle understood. Alan wasn’t from the farm, and he couldn’t expect him to accept every aspect of the life in just a few short weeks. ‘There are many things I would rather not do out here, but it’s part and parcel of the life,’ his uncle tried to explain. ‘People take these things for granted when somebody else does the work for them.’ While Alan respected his uncle’s words, he spent more and more time in the garden as the weeks went by.
12 How could Alan’s aunt’s invitation be characterised?
1) Sarcastic. 3) Demanding.
2) Desperate. 4) Sincere.
13 Alan asked his mum about his aunt and uncle’s hands ...
1) because he didn’t understand why they looked like that.
2) because he wanted to know more about farm life.
3) knowing what she’d say before she said it.
4) wondering if his own hands would eventually look that way.
14 How did Alan view farm life before he tried it?
1) It would be like a holiday. 2) It would be an interesting experience.
3) It would be easier than his city life. 4) It would be full of really dirty work.
15 Alan describes the horses as being ...
1) no longer working animals. 2) more useful than the other animals.
3) difficult to tend to. 4) essential to the farm.
16 ‘Themselves’ in ‘as often as they themselves had to eat’ in the fifth paragraph refers to ...
1) the cattle. 3) the chickens.
2) Alan and his family. 4) the horses.
17 How did Alan feel concerning his refusal of a certain task?
1) He felt sad that this task had to be done. 2) He was ashamed that he wasn’t brave enough to do it.
3) He was happy to have spared the life of a farm animal. 4) He felt upset that his uncle did this kind of work.
18 The phrase ‘part and parcel’ in the last paragraph means ...
1) inseparable. 3) important.
2) optional. 4) disheartening.
Раздел 3 Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19-25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19-25.
The ripped note
19 Lauren pulled a ten-pound note from her pocket but as she did so it suddenly ripped down the middle. ‘Oh no, I don’t believe it, it’s ruined! And now I ______________________ LOSE ten pounds!’ she said to her friend, Pete.
20 ‘Why don’t you tape the two pieces back together? I’m sure it______________________ BE fine,’ Pete replied. Lauren had her doubts about this, but she decided to try it.
21 She got some tape from her desk and taped the note together as Pete had suggested. But an hour later, when she tried to buy a sandwich, the shop owner refused her note. When she asked why, the surly shop owner said,______________________ NOT MAKE ‘Sorry, but sometimes two halves______________________ a whole.’
22 Russian vinaigrette is a type of salad common in Russia, which consists of diced carrots, beetroot and potatoes as well as chopped onions and sometimes sauerkraut. Vinaigrette dressing, from which the salad gets ______________________ IT name, is poured over the top.
23 The salad was adapted from European recipes that were popular in the 19th century. However, it is now ______________________ WIDELY eaten in Russia than in western Europe.
24 The salad often appears at celebrations alongside other small dishes, such as cold cuts, cheeses, canapes and open sandwiches. Usually ______________________ THIS dishes are laid on the table before the guests arrive.
25The colourful salad is low in calories and full of nutrients, so it______________________ RECOMMEND for anyone who is on a diet or is just keen to eat healthily.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26-31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26-31.
26 Oases are areas where trees and plants grow around a body of water in the middle of a desert. They are ______________________ USUAL phenomena because there is so little water or vegetation in desert areas.and cut down on waste.
27 How does the water in an oasis get there? It doesn’t come from the sky, but rather, from underneath the ground. Believe it or not, there are underground rivers and layers of rock which contain water beneath the ______________________ SAND desert floor.
28 Pressure from underneath these water sources pushes the water to the surface. In other cases, people have drawn the water out ______________________ ARTIFICIAL , through the use of man-made wells.
29 An oasis can be quite small, only able to support a limited number of trees and to supply a little water for those who pass by. Other oases are big enough to supply considerable populations of people with ______________________ DRINK water.
30 People who survive on oases must be very ______________________ CARE with how they use the water, because they must use it to grow food as well as to drink.
31 Many oases have survived for years. They have been of great ______________________ IMPORTANT in terms of setting up trade routes across the desert.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Natalie’s special skill
Natalie had a special skill for shopping, the goal of which was to pay less no matter what. She really knew how to 32 _______ a hard bargain at the market.
Her usual routine was to have a look round, then when she found something she liked, shed ask the stallholder, ‘Is this your best price?’ If they 33 _______ yes, she would then give reasons as to why that price was wrong.
Another tactic was to find some minor problem, depending 34 _______ what she saw. ‘See this table, there’s a scratch right there. Do you see it?’ She’d manage to get a few pounds shaved off.
Sometimes she’d just say, ‘I’ll give you £20 for this.’ Never mind that it was marked £22.50. Any reduction in price was a win. You’d think she was trying to cut 35 ______ on expenditure, but it was more like a game.
Occasionally she’d meet her 36 ______ . A stallholder would have a good comeback for every attempt Natalie made. In the end, though, she would pass on it if she didn’t get what she wanted.
For her friends, going shopping with her was at least good for a 37 ______ . She once shocked her friend Henry by paying more for something. ‘I’ll give you £200 for this! It’s absolutely gorgeous!’
Natalie said about an antique lamp she had 38 ______ upon, which was priced at £150. Henry thought she had fallen and hit her head that morning!
32 1) force 2) drive 3) push 4) shove
33 1) said 2) told 3) spoke 4) talked
34 1) to 2) at 3) for 4) on
35 1) back 2) up 3) off 4) out
36 1) twin 2) match 3) double 4) copy
37 1) joke 2) fun 3) game4) laugh
38 1) stumbled 2) fallen 3) tripped 4) slipped
Раздел 4 Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Martin, who writes:
I've been asked to help my dad clean out the garage this weekend. I was wondering if you do things around the house. What chores do you have to do on a daily basis? Who decides what chores you do around the house? What's your least tavourite chore and why?
In other news. I've just started guitar lessons ...
Write a letter to Martin.
In your letter:
• answer her questions
• ask 3 questions about her new house
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
People shouldn’t be allowed to work from home because it’s less productive than being in the office.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
• express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
• explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
• make a conclusion restating your position
Раздел 5 Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you w ant to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Robots are beginning to enter the field of surgical medicine, even if only for a limited number of operations. There are great advantages to using robots in surgery.
Firstly, robots are useful for extremely delicate moves during an operation. A human surgeon’s hand, while skilful, has only limited capability of making a precise incision or manoeuvre. A robot also allows operations to be carried out on a much smaller scale, leading to better results and less stress on the patient’s body.
Secondly, robots do not suffer from fatigue. A machine can perform a particular operation numerous times and never tire. Surgeons, on the other hand, must complete their tasks before they lose their energy. Of course, robots cannot replace a human surgeon entirely, but they can provide assistance for specific techniques.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering joining the gym and you would like to get more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) cost of membership and training session
2) length of training session
3) opening hours
4) multiple centres
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
Imagine that some years ago you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• when you took the photo
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you took the photo
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: I ’ve chosen photo number...
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs: