БИЛЕТ 3 ЕГЭ
Раздел 1 Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
1. The best cafes are those located near busy pedestrian streets.
2. A cafe should be quiet if it wants to attract readers.
3. Playing board games with friends is a great cafe pastime.
4. The decor of a cafe can make or break its business.
5. A cafe can make a business meeting more casual and less dull.
6. You can even watch news programmes in cafes these days.
7. A town should have a variety of cafes for every taste
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A Ryan doesn’t do some of the things mentioned in the recycling lesson.
В Until today, Macy has used the bin in her bedroom for recycling only.
С Ryan’s dad has got a very large recycling bin in his office.
D Macy never eats food in her bedroom.
E Ryan has visited a recycling plant in the past.
F Macy makes a complaint about rinsing containers.
G Ryan’s family empty their recycling bin less frequently than their rubbish bin.
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3 What is true about Martin’s appointments with students?
1) He sees about a dozen students every day.
2) Students pay a small fee for the service.
3) He usually meets with a student for an hour.
4 The questionnaire asks students about...
1) previous work experience.
2) what careers they’re interested in.
3) the kind of situations they like.
5 What kind of answers do students give in regard to their interests?
1) They sometimes put down several completely different interests.
2) They give a clear indication of their interests.
3) They often don’t put anything down.
6 Students return to see Martin ...
1) because they’ve changed their minds about their interests.
2) to fill out their questionnaire forms.
3) to complain about the advice they’ve been given.
7 What does Martin do with the students’ СVs?
1) He doesn’t handle any aspect of that.
2) He reviews them and then gives them to his assistant.
3) He gets his assistant to make initial comments.
8 Martin doesn’t do practice interviews because ...
1) he can’t fit them into his daily work schedule.
2) he doesn’t think they’re useful.
3) students don’t like doing them.
9 What advice does Martin give about talking about weaknesses?
1) Try to describe them so they sound more positive.
2) Avoid being honest about them.
3) Spend as little time on them as possible.
Раздел 2 Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1-8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Simple pleasures 5. The high seas
2. Historical visits 6. Down the slopes
3. Hiking trips 7. Going downstream
4. Lap of luxury 8. Frozen wonders
A. A holiday is many things to many people. Some like to be active, while others like to just sit back and relax. A fun family trip that everyone can enjoy is river rafting. This is where you and your whole family sink into an inflatable craft on a slow flowing river and just lie back and watch nature as it passes you by.
B. Most people put a lot of focus on a holiday’s specific destination. Others have something else in mind. They want five-star hotels, fine dining and other niceties at their fingertips. You have to admit, it’s not a bad idea. Who needs to go sightseeing when you can just get a deep massage, swim in a heated pool or have chocolate-covered strawberries delivered to your table?
C. It’s hard to believe someone would want to stay in an ice hotel, but believe it or not, such a thing exists. There’s one in the most northern regions of Sweden which operates during winter. It’s not as cold as one would think, as long as you don’t touch the walls! As for day trips, it’s a snowy winter wonderland as far as the eye can see.
D. Seeing nature is definitely a good choice for a holiday adventure. One idea is to visit a canyon. Often, you can walk through the centre of the canyon and see towering cliffs and fascinating rock formations. It’s a great way to get a bit of exercise as well. Just make sure you’ve got a sturdy pair of boots on for the rough terrain.
E. Summer isn’t the only time you can go on a fulfilling holiday. Many winter destinations have much to keep you entertained. Take skiing trips, for example. A gorgeous drive to the mountains is enough to take your stress away. Few things are more thrilling than gliding over snow at speed. Even if you’re afraid of skiing, there’s always the beginner runs. Even little kids give those a try!
F. Imagine visiting ten different cities in just two weeks. This is the type of holiday you can have on a cruise ship. Each time the ship pulls into a new port, you get to hop off and explore a new, exotic locale. And in between stops, you can admire the amazing waters of the world. You may love the water so much, you never want to return to land!
G.Some people’s idea of a holiday is very straightforward. All they want is to lie undisturbed on a golden beach surrounded by crystal blue waters, with an umbrella to shield them from the bright rays. It may be the typical holiday setting, but you have to admit, it’s very popular for a reason. Just make sure you pack extra sun cream and a large hat!
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1 -7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
The Thames Barrier
Flooding has become a grave concern for many areas of the UK. Possibly due to global warming, it seems that the UK is getting wetter and wetter as each year passes. Recent rains have ruined thousands of peoples homes A ________.
The UK is no stranger to floods. For centuries citizens in London suffered from tidal surges that would creep up the river Thames and flood the city. For this reason, the British government decided to build a barrier, known as the Thames Barrier, В ________.
Built in the late 1970s, the barrier has saved the country billions of pounds in building repairs. It has saved lives also; the 1928 Thames flood killed 14 people, and 307 people died in the North Sea flood of 1953. After this, the importance of building С _______ .
The barrier, constructed in southeast London, is a marvel to look at. The concrete barrier supports are topped with huge domes of polished steel that look very futuristic. The barrier works by tilting large platforms, D _______ , upwardly into a vertical position in order to block the flow of water. Since its construction, the floodgates have been closed over 160 times.
The barrier was built with the future in mind, and designed to withstand devastating flood conditions. At some point, however, it will have to be fortified, as estimates predict that it will lose E ________. More will need to be done to extend its usefulness.
The barrier has been successful for London, but it was designed specifically to protect the capital city. In other regions of the UK, it will take more F ________.
1. to protect the country’s wide expanses of rural farmland from flooding
2. a barrier was thrust to the forefront of government policy
3. and left many of them homeless for months
4. which have saved numerous lives in the decades since being built
5. a great deal of its protection powers after the year 2070
6. which lie flat on the river bed during normal sea and weather conditions
7. to keep the floodwater from spilling over into the streets
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12-18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
The second week of Sarah’s road trip proved to be problematic. Even though she had voiced concerns about her boyfriend’s ‘great idea’ of buying a used van to travel around in, she wasn’t about to say ‘I told you so’ when it broke down halfway across Kentucky.
She did, however, sigh when Josh asked if she would chip in for repairs. ‘I’m going to have to call my parents for this, you know,’ she said in a patient yet admonishing tone.
So the pair of them, accompanied by Sarah’s sister, Michelle, and a friend, Shane, were stranded for the next couple of days in Bardstown, population 11,700. They scrabbled to find something to do to entertain themselves while they waited for the engine part to arrive. They’d made sleeping arrangements at a quaint bed and breakfast near the historic district. It was either that or the row of bog standard, characterless motels out on the interstate highway that Sarah had convinced the others to avoid. ‘The mechanic said we should check out Bardstown. It might be pretty dull, but how bad can it be?’ she urged the group, not fully convinced they’d find something better. Michelle, who usually argued for the sake of it, was for once on board. The guys agreed.
Once the accommodation was taken care of, they set out for the bit of sightseeing that Bardstown had to offer. They perused the main road, with its dozen or so buildings that had survived from the town’s days as an early trading post. Each one had its own version of a knick-knack shop. They were charming, and contrary to Sarah’s gut feeling from before, there were much worse places to be stranded in.
They decided to enter one of the shops. Although more spacious than the others, it was still jam-packed with stuff. ‘Howdy, folks,’ the shop owner said as they entered, which was not so much ‘Welcome to Bardstown’ as ‘You break it, you buy it.’ Sarah suspected it was an age-appropriate comment, as they didn’t look like the most responsible bunch, despite the opposite being true in her case.
The shop was filled with the typical antique shop items: odd, mismatched china sets, silverware, wooden furniture, lampshades. The walls had dozens of old paintings only the painter could love and more stuffed birds than Sarah cared to see. The shop was void of people, eerily quiet, and even though she and Michelle found humour in the items, they kept their comments to themselves. The guys admired the old hunting rifles. ‘I hope there aren’t any bullets left in those,’ Michelle quipped, the words jarring the silence.
Less interested in gazing at objects, Sarah decided to strike up a conversation with the owner. ‘Have you lived here all your life?’ Sarah asked, imagining the answer to be ‘Yes.’
‘My parents were even born here. In fact, there might be more people in town I’m related to than not,’ the owner said, straight-faced. Sarah didn’t know what to make of that comment, but she politely laughed. ‘Where are you guys from?’ he asked. ‘Certainly not from around these parts.’
‘We’re from New Hampshire. On a road trip across America. We’re going to California,’ she said, wondering if she offered too much information, little as it was.
‘Oh, too many earthquakes out there for me,’ he said. ‘I’ll stay put.’
‘We were wondering where we should get something to eat. Any recommendations?’ she asked genuinely, but also because she couldn’t think of anything else to say.
‘Everything’s safe to eat around here, except the burger joint out on the highway, next to the mechanic. Worst place to eat around. Worst mechanic in town, too.’
12 How did Sarah feel about calling her parents for help?
1) Eager. 3) Enraged.
2) Put out. 4) Disinterested.
13 Regarding accommodation, Sarah was sure ...
1) there was something better than on the highway.
2) that Bardstown would be entertaining.
3) the mechanic knew was he was talking about.
4) she didn’t want to stay on the highway.
14 What does the phrase ‘gut feeling’ in the fourth paragraph mean?
1) A moment of confusion. 3) A feeling of certainty.
2) Discomfort in the stomach. 4) An initial attitude or belief.
15 The shop owner greeted the group with ...
1) a humorous tone. 3) suspicion.
2) genuine kindness. 4) a salesman-like attitude.
16 Sarah thought that the paintings in the shop were ...
1) attractive. 2) all very similar. 3) all by the same artist. 4) ugly.
17 Sarah laughed at what the shop owner said because she ...
1) found it to be funny. 2) felt a bit nervous.
3) assumed he was joking. 4) thought of something funny.
18 How was Sarah likely to feel at the end of the last paragraph?
1) Relieved. 2) Concerned. 3) Amused. 4) Confident.
Раздел 3 Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19-25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19-25.
19 Jane was upset after she finished the regional swimming competition. She had practised every day for several months, but despite all her hard work, she finished in ______________________TWO place.
20 She tried not to be too disappointed about it, but at her swimming practice the other day she______________________ SWIM her fastest time ever which had made her really hopeful of winning the competition this time.
21 Her father tried to make her feel better. “There are plenty of other swimming competitions to win. Just keep practising and one day you______________________ GET the gold!” he told her, making her laugh by stretching his arms up in the air so vigorously that he fell off his chair.
Where ships go to die
22 We might not think about it much, but most of us owe a lot to the shipping industry. Almost anyone who______________________ BUY a car, clothes or furniture recently has benefitted from the industry, because it is the cheapest way to transport goods.
23 No matter where a ship has sailed during its life, most ships ______________________ SEND to South Asia when they are no longer usable. India, Bangladesh and Pakistan alone take up to 70% of worn-out ships.
24 The ships rest along the shoreline, where workers climb on them and take them apart piece by piece. In 2012, observers recorded that 365 ships ______________________ LIE on beaches in this region.
25 The work is quite dangerous, and occasionally, workers lose ______________________ THEY lives. More must be done to make this work safe.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26-31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26-31.
26 Russia’s Altai mountains are situated near the country’s border with Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan. The mountain range is quite high and______________________ EXTREME difficult to cross.
27 The mountains were formed as a result of the Indian subcontinent pushing into southern Asia. There are many fault lines that run through the region, and although it is a rare ______________________ OCCUR, the region sometimes has very large earthquakes.
28 The name Altai means ‘golden mountain’ in the ______________________ MONGOLIA language. The tallest peak is Belukha mountain, which actually has two peaks.
29 One of the peaks reaches a height of 4,440 metres, and the other reaches 4,506 metres. The mountains are home to several glaciers, lakes and rivers, and many______________________DIFFER types of plants and animals are found in its range of habitats.
30 Many species in the region have existed since the last ice age. This is because the Altai mountain range is one of the few places in the world whose climate has remained largely ______________________ CHANGE since that period.
31 The mountain range and its surrounding area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Because of the mountains’ stunning natural beauty, 31 ] the region has become quite popular with______________________ TOUR.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Horse riding lessons
Learning to ride a horse can be a thrilling, yet challenging experience, as Laura learnt during her early lessons. She would never have 32 _______ up for the course if it hadn’t been for her boyfriend urging her to try it, but she’d decided to face her fears and give it a go.
Her first lesson went fairly well, although it took her half an hour just to 33 _______the horse, who could obviously sense her fear and wasn’t keen on helping her out. The instructor told her, ‘Don’t be frightened. Just try to 34 _______ him that you’re in control. He won’t throw you.’ She eventually managed it and rode for a full hour, so it was a successful day after all.
‘Her next few lessons went fairly smoothly. The area where she practised was an open meadow surrounded by trees and a river. It was a safe place to learn, but still, she had to be mindful 35 ______ hazards such as rocks and the occasional wild animal.
On one particular day, her horse came 36 ______ snake in the woods. The horse took fright and threw Laura to the ground, just as her instructor had said it wouldn’t. ‘I’m terribly sorry about that,’ he said.
Laura was a good 37 ______ about it. ‘If I came across a snake, I’d throw someone off my back, too!’ She ended the day a bit 38 ______ from where her body had hit the ground, but otherwise unhurt and determined to continue riding.
32 1) enrolled 2) signed 3) written 4) entered
33 1) mount 2) board 3) climb 4) launch
34 1) pretend 2) insist 3) force 4) convince
35 1) of 2) for 3) to 4) with
36 1) by 2) through 3) over 4) across
37 1) round 2) match 3) sport 4) game
38 1) bruised 2) broken 3) sprained 4) torn
Раздел 4 Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tom, who writes:
I'm competing in a race this weekend for my school. I'm guite excited about it. and a bit nervous, too. I was wondering about sport in your country. What sports does your school have? Where do people usually go to watch big sporting events ? What's your favourite sport and why?
In other news, my dad's just bought a new car ...
Write a letter to Tom.
In your letter:
• answer her questions
• ask 3 questions about her new house
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
People have become too dependent on technology.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
• express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
• explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
• make a conclusion restating your position
Раздел 5 Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you w ant to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Many insects have the ability to taste things with different parts of their bodies. They have sensors in these body parts, usually in the form of tiny hairs. These act similarly to the taste buds in our tongues
A fly is one type of insect that can taste things just by landing on it. This is because it has taste receptors in the hairs on its feet. In fact, when a fly rests upon a surface that is some kind of food, the fly’s mouth will open automatically as a reflex action. Another insect that can perform the same function is a butterfly.
Some insects can taste things using the thin hairs on their antennae. Honey bees and wasps are two such creatures. In the same way that they taste things, they can also use these hairs to smell odours that pass through the air.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering visiting the restaurant and you would like to get more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
2) opening hours
3) if reservations are accepted
4) type of fish served
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
Imagine that some years ago you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• when you took the photo
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you took the photo
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: I ’ve chosen photo number...
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs: