БИЛЕТ 2 ЕГЭ

Раздел 1 Аудирование

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. It’s good to have a part-time job when you’re a university student.
2. Problems with time-keeping are not always the student’s fault.
3. University students have lots of new expenses to cope with.
4. Learning to do chores is part of university life.
5. Asking your parents for money while at university can be difficult.
6. Your class schedule can vary significantly at university.
7. Managing your freedom is a responsibility you learn at university.


ГоворящийABCDEF
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A Amy is on her way to do some studying.
В Amy had to knock on her brother’s door more than once.
С Amy’s brother refused to turn down his music when she asked him to.
D Amy didn’t like the kind of music her brother was playing.
E Amy’s mum is always home when Amy gets home from school.
F Amy’s parents don’t do anything to help the situation.
G There’s only one bathroom in George’s home.
УтверждениеABCDEFG
Соответствие диалогу


Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3 Rhonda says with a raw food diet,...
1) food must remain completely cold.
2) chicken can’t be included.
3) the concepts are difficult to understand.
4 What was Rhonda’s diet routine like before she switched to a raw food diet?
1) Very similar to now.
2) Extremely unhealthy.
3) Much more traditional.
5 Including beans in a raw food diet...
1) requires certain preparation.
2) is impossible.
3) is not advisable.
6 What difficulty does Rhonda mention with preparing raw foods?
1) The length of time required.
2) The lack of recipe choice.
3) The difficulty in obtaining good flavour.
7 Rhonda says freezing foods ...
1) changes the nutritional value.
2) ruins the food.
3) is a necessary step.
8 What is true about Rhonda as a result of her raw food diet?
1) She feels better mentally.
2) She regrets her decision.
3) She feels more active.
9 Rhonda thinks it’s terrible that ...
1) so few people follow a raw food diet.
2) it’s so difficult to follow a raw food diet.
3) some people eat only cooked foods.

Раздел 2 Чтение

Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1-8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Tastes from abroad 5. Trendy styles
2. Out o f style 6. Dining out
3. Musical tastes 7. Exercise routine
4. Lifting weights 8. Musical exercise
A. Forming a band, even if only as a hobby, can be good fun. Of course, it can go beyond that if you get really good. You can play at festivals, and if the crowd loves you, it’s an amazing experience. It’s even a great way to get a workout, especially if you’re playing the drums. It takes a lot of energy, and it can actually help you get fit.
B. Rugby players need strength to push the other guys round the field. That’s why it’s essential for them to build muscle mass, and there’s only one way to do that. They’ve got to hit the gym and start pumping iron. It’s incredibly hard work and it’s not for everyone. They’ve also got to take it slowly, because it’s not a good idea to lift too much too soon.
C. It’s important to try new things. In fact, it’s almost necessary, because we get bored with doing the same thing day in, day out. Luckily we live in a multicultural world. Take food, for example. No matter where you are, it seems that someone from far away has opened a restaurant featuring cuisine from their homeland. That’s something different for a change.
D. In order to get in shape, you have to do more than just go to the gym once a month. You need to go at least three times a week. You must set up a schedule and stick to it. Even when you work forty hours a week, you have to arrange to head off after work for gym time. And you should exercise for a set amount of time with every visit.
E. Eating at home has its benefits. It’s certainly nutritious - that is, if you’re cooking healthily. But eating in restaurants is such a great, social experience. It’s something we should do at least once a week. You can do a lot of people-watching in restaurants, too, so it’s great fun. Not to mention that you don’t have to cook, and if you want something, someone will fetch it!
F. Some people don’t dress like other kids from their school because they simply don’t feel like keeping up with all the latest trends. Trends change every year anyway, if not more often. For some, second-hand shops are their favourite shopping experience. You can find all sorts of funky clothing there, and who cares if it’s something most people wouldn’t wear?
G.The style of music we listen to says a lot about who we are. People who prefer classical music have refined tastes and an appreciation for the arts. Those who like heavy metal enjoy being energetic when they listen to music. Fans of pop music enjoy staying up-to-date with trends. And those who like old music like to imagine what life was like in a different era.

Номер текстаABCDEFG
Ответ:
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1 -7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
Holiday rental properties
Changes occur in most industries, and travel is no exception. A new trend in temporary accommodation has gained popularity recently. Its appeal is rooted in peoples desire to find a smart place to stay A ________.
Traditionally, the most common options were hotels, which came with many amenities, such as room service, daily room cleaning, and so forth. These days, hotels charge a hefty price for a nights stay. With so many people on a budget, there is a need В ________.
The trend of renting out a property, whereby someone owns a home or apartment but has another residence as their primary home, began to rise in popularity just a few years back. In its earliest phase, property owners were reluctant to try it out because they were sceptical of a variety of factors, С _______ .
But it seems that phase has run its course for the most part, and more and more people are taking advantage of the service. It is a positive experience for everyone; property owners make extra money and renters enjoy more space for less expense. For renters, the experience is not unlike staying in your very own holiday home D _______ .
Most recently, a website has emerged as one of the leading places for people to either list or locate rental properties. Known as Airbnb, the company’s profits have skyrocketed since its founding. It’s free to list a property, and E ________. Owners can publish several photos of their property and communicate with potential renters through the site.
Security does remain an issue, and recent events have prompted F ________. Despite this, Airbnb has earned praise for its creativity and the affordable service it provides.
1. the company generates revenues by taking a percentage of the rental fee
2. such as the risk of renting the property to people who might damage it
3. that is within a price range they can comfortably afford
4. such as a house that someone has inherited but doesn’t live in
5. to provide stylish accommodation without the excessive price tag
6. the company to begin guaranteeing properties against damages
7. that you keep hidden away for a weekend retreat

ABCDEF
Ответ:
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12-18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Surviving an avalanche
Surviving an avalanche was not on Thomas’s list of things to do in life. A thrill-seeker of epic proportions, he had jumped from a helicopter to ski remote mountain slopes and traversed half of Antarctica on a cross-country skiing adventure. If only his wisdom of doing things in packs hadn’t failed him on the day of his accident.
He had ventured out alone before, and in any case, most of the ski ranges around his mountain home were littered with forest rangers whose job was to help stranded hikers. So a solo trip by an experienced skier wasn’t the most dangerous of adventures.
Every seasoned skier is aware of both the risks and the joys involved with skiing off-piste. It’s a different experience from the snow that’s been packed down into hard ice by the hundreds of other skiers who have already crossed over it. Movements occur almost in slow-motion as the skier glides in and out of the piles of powder. It’s an exhausting challenge that requires effort from the skier’s whole body, but a unique one that hooks a skier after just one run.
Thomas even had special equipment for this particular type of skiing. His well-worn pair of traditional skis wouldn’t be sufficient, so he’d expended an extra two hundred pounds on a wider set of blades especially made for skiing in powder.
And it wasn’t as if safety was the last thing on his mind. He’d brought his avalanche kit in case of emergencies. He wore an airbag that would help to keep him near the surface if he pulled the cord in time, and another device which would assist him with breathing under snow. The rescue service’s number was programmed into his mobile phone, and his avalanche transceiver - which emits an emergency signal - was equipped with fully-charged batteries.
Thomas’s run that day was in familiar territory. He had always skied with a trusted ski buddy, with never an incident to report. Perhaps he had been lulled into a false sense of security. In fact, he had intended to ski with a friend that morning. When his friend couldn’t make it, Thomas considered not going himself, but the snow on the mountain had fallen just the night before, and the lure was too intense.
His run was a wide, bare track of slope nestled between two pine forests - a real skier’s delight, and quite popular with the locals as well.
They say an avalanche is like a sleeping giant, waiting to be woken up by even the slightest of nudges. Thomas gave this giant more than a nudge - he skied right over it and before he knew it, he was skiing on top of it as it slid down the mountain along with him. And if you ski on top of the giant’s mouth, it’s likely to swallow you whole.
As Thomas sank beneath powder, through his acute panic he managed to pull the cord on his airbag. The roar of the giant fell silent seconds later, and from beneath the snow it was as if morning had turned to night. Thomas tried to reach his phone, but his arm might as well have been cast in concrete. Lying still, his panic slowly shifting to an eerie peacefulness, he did his best to keep his chin up. He even began to enjoy the dark solitude, even though he knew he might never be found. Luckily for him, the giant had caught the attention of others, and the transceiver was doing the job it was designed to do.
12 What are the ‘packs’ that the author refers to in the first paragraph?
1) Types of snow. 3) Groups of people. 2) Regions or areas. 4) Ski manoeuvres.
13 Why didn’t Thomas think his solo ski run would be very risky?
1) There were personnel to help in case of trouble.
2) He wasn’t aware of the potential dangers.
3) He had been on more dangerous ski adventures.
4) He believed powder to be easier to ski on than packed ice.
14 Skiers who ski on powder for the first time ...
1) often never do it again. 2) find it to be relaxing.
3) fall in love with the experience. 4) often get stuck in the snow.
15 What is true about Thomas’s avalanche kit?
1) The airbag would help him breathe.
2) The airbag would inflate automatically.
3) He had an emergency number written down.
4) Some items required electric power to function.
16 Why did Thomas particularly want to ski that day?
1) It was pre-arranged with his friend. 2) He wanted to ski alone.
3) The area was beautiful. 4) The weather conditions were ideal.
17 An avalanche is compared to a sleeping giant because ...
1) it’s not usually dangerous. 2) it can quickly spring into life.
3) it’s a huge spectacle. 4) it can easily kill people.
18 The expression ‘keep his chin up’ in the last paragraph means ...
1) stay positive. 2) keep breathing.
3) raise his head. 4) avoid making movements.


Раздел 3 Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19-25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19-25.
GUM department stores
19 GUM is the name of the large department store in Moscow that faces Red Square. It used to be a chain of shops in the former republics of the Soviet Union, at which time these shops ______________________KNOW as State Department Store, although GUM now stands for Main Department Store.
20 The structure on Red Square where GUM is located has been there since the early 1890s. It’s one of the______________________ FAMOUS buildings in the city of Moscow.
21 The building is nearly a quarter of a kilometre long. Shops inside the building are situated on a long corridor with a glass roof, and each shop sits inside an archway, creating a luxurious shopping experience. The building______________________ IT is a work of art.
Identical twins
22 Beth and Mary are identical twins. They look exactly alike, and when they were______________________ ,CHILD their teachers didn’t know which twin was which.
23 People called them by the wrong name all the time! Although the girls ______________________ HAVE plenty of opportunities to play tricks, they never did.
24 As adults, however, they once took a job on a practical joke show, where they ______________________ PRETEND they were in a bathroom looking into a mirror. The mirror was actually glass, with Beth on one side and Mary on the other.
25 A woman came into the bathroom. She looked in the ‘mirror’ and saw Beth and her ‘reflection’, but she couldn’t see anything on her side. ______________________ FEEL confused, the woman asked, ‘Is there something wrong with this mirror, or is it just me?!’
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26-31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26-31.
Stella McCartney
26 Stella McCartney is more than just the daughter of music legend Paul McCartney of the Beatles. She is famous in her own right as a fashion______________________ . DESIGN
27 Born in London in 1971, McCartney studied at Central Saint Martins College of Arts and Design. Alexander McQueen, another ______________________ GLOBE icon of the fashion world, studied there as well.
28 Despite her well-known last name, not everyone was sure that she would be ______________________ SUCCESS in the fashion industry, but she worked hard to create eye-catching clothing and won early awards for her sharp, confident style.
29 Of course, she was well-connected to the rich and famous before she made a name for herself in fashion. During her______________________GRADUATE famous supermodels including Naomi Campbell and Kate Moss wore her clothes for the college's runway show.
30 Her clothes are popular and sell well. Her 2005 collection for H&M clothing shops was designed to offer her fans a more affordable range, and sold out almost______________________ IMMEDIATE.
31 Aside from day and evening wear, she has designed clothing for events, including the uniforms for the British______________________ COMPETE to wear in the 2012 London Olympics. She has also designed underwear, a range of skincare products and her own perfume.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Great-grandmother
My great-grandmother Lola never ceases to amaze me. She’s 95 years old but she’s still alive and kicking. Not only does she take care of herself without any help, she 32 _______ a boarding house in the Philippines basically all on her own.
How is that possible, you ask? That’s an excellent question. My family and I make it back to the Philippines once a year. We always 33 _______up the subject of retirement with her. My mum says, ‘Why don’t you let someone else run the place, Lola? You know, sit back, relax and put your 34 _______ up more often.’
‘No, that would spell the end of me,’ she replies. ‘I don’t take a day off work even if I come 35 ______ with the flu. Staying busy is the secret to longevity.’
She doesn’t do all the chores round the boarding house, mind you. She has employees who handle a lot of the heavy lifting, such as washing bed sheets and cleaning rooms. She’s more or less in 36 ______ of the money and she makes sure everyone gets paid. She knows what’s been done and what hasn’t. Her mind is still as sharp as a nail.
So, retiring is completely out of flie 37 ______ for Lola. ‘My last day of work will be the last day for Lola. ‘My last day of work will be the last day of my life,’ she says. I hope I can 38 ______ up with that fast pace when I reach her age.
32 1) controls 2) succeeds 3) manages 4) achieves
33 1) pass 2) speak 3) take 4) bring
34 1) feet 2) hands 3) arms 4) legs
35 1) up 2) over 3) down 4) in
36 1) force 2) right 3) power 4) charge
37 1) question 2) issue 3) subject 4) matter
38 1) stay 2) keep 3) hold 4) own

Раздел 4 Письмо

Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Erika, who writes:
Our Mау Day holiday is coming up soon. I'm planning on doing something fun. I was wondering about national holidays in your country. What do you usually do on those days? What celebrations does your town o r country organise? What's your favourite holiday and why?
In other news. I got very high marks in my recent exam ...
Write a letter to Erika.
In your letter:
• answer her questions
• ask 3 questions about her new house
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

Comment on the following statement.

School leavers should take a gap year before entering university.
What is your opinion? Do you agree w ith this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
• express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
• explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
• make a conclusion restating your position


Comment on the following statement.

Team sports help people develop a stronger character than individual sports do.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
• express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
• explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
• make a conclusion restating your position


Раздел 5 Говорение

Task 1

Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you w ant to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Dams are large concrete structures that are built across the middle of rivers. Their purpose is to hold back water, which often creates a lake behind the dam. They also control the flow of the river and produce electricity.
Dams can be beneficial because they can provide a stable source of water. This water can be used for farming, for drinking, and even as a habitat for fish and other animals. Additionally, machines are built into the dam that generate power. This power is created when the force of the water moves through the dam, causing a turbine to spin and create an electric current.
On the other hand, dams can cause problems for people who live behind them. Because a dam causes a river to swell and create a lake, anyone living near the river will have to relocate. Entire villages have had to be moved because of this reason.

Task 2

Study the advertisement.
You are considering buying the bicycle and you would like to get more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) the cost of the bicycle
2) the best features
3) if it is easy to use
4) when you can collect it
5) if there’s a guarantee
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Study_the_advertisement

Task 3

Imagine that some years ago you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• when you took the photo
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you took the photo
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: I ’ve chosen photo number...
Сhoose_one_photo_ege

Task 4

Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs: 
• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
• say what the pictures have in common
• say in what way the pictures are different
• say which of the meals presented in the pictures youd prefer
• explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

compare and contrast the photographs